Bylaws - Sagent Technology Inc.


                                     BYLAWS

                                       OF

                             SAGENT TECHNOLOGY, INC

                            (a Delaware Corporation)



                                TABLE OF CONTENTS




                                                                                                                    Page
                                                                                                                    ----
                                                                                                                
 ARTICLE I - CORPORATE OFFICES........................................................................................1

          1.1       REGISTERED OFFICE.................................................................................1
          1.2       OTHER OFFICES.....................................................................................1

 ARTICLE II - MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS................................................................................1

          2.1       PLACE OF MEETINGS.................................................................................1
          2.2       ANNUAL MEETING....................................................................................1
          2.3       SPECIAL MEETING...................................................................................2
          2.4       NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDERS' MEETINGS..................................................................2
          2.5       ADVANCE NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDER NOMINEES AND STOCKHOLDER
                    BUSINESS..........................................................................................2
          2.6       MANNER OF GIVING NOTICE; AFFIDAVIT OF NOTICE......................................................3
          2.7       QUORUM............................................................................................4
          2.8       ADJOURNED MEETING; NOTICE.........................................................................4
          2.9       VOTING............................................................................................4
          2.10      WAIVER OF NOTICE..................................................................................5
          2.11      RECORD DATE FOR STOCKHOLDER NOTICE; VOTING........................................................5
          2.12      PROXIES...........................................................................................5
          2.13      ORGANIZATION......................................................................................6
          2.14      LIST OF STOCKHOLDERS ENTITLED TO VOTE.............................................................6

 ARTICLE III - DIRECTORS..............................................................................................6

          3.1       POWERS............................................................................................6
          3.2       NUMBER OF DIRECTORS...............................................................................6
          3.3       ELECTION AND TERM OF OFFICE OF DIRECTORS..........................................................7
          3.4       RESIGNATION AND VACANCIES.........................................................................7
          3.5       PLACE OF MEETINGS; MEETINGS BY TELEPHONE..........................................................7
          3.6       REGULAR MEETINGS..................................................................................7
          3.7       SPECIAL MEETINGS; NOTICE..........................................................................8
          3.8       QUORUM............................................................................................8
          3.9       WAIVER OF NOTICE..................................................................................8
          3.10      ADJOURNMENT.......................................................................................8




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                                TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                   (Continued)




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                                                                                                                    ----
                                                                                                                
          3.11      NOTICE OF ADJOURNMENT.............................................................................9
          3.12      BOARD ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT WITHOUT A MEETING.................................................9
          3.13      FEES AND COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS................................................................9
          3.14      APPROVAL OF LOANS TO OFFICERS.....................................................................9

 ARTICLE IV - COMMITTEES.............................................................................................10

          4.1       COMMITTEES OF DIRECTORS..........................................................................10
          4.2       MEETINGS AND ACTION OF COMMITTEES................................................................10
          4.3       COMMITTEE MINUTES................................................................................11

 ARTICLE V - OFFICERS................................................................................................11

          5.1       OFFICERS.........................................................................................11
          5.2       ELECTION OF OFFICERS.............................................................................11
          5.3       SUBORDINATE OFFICERS.............................................................................11
          5.4       REMOVAL AND RESIGNATION OF OFFICERS..............................................................12
          5.5       VACANCIES IN OFFICES.............................................................................12
          5.6       CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD............................................................................12
          5.7       PRESIDENT........................................................................................12
          5.8       VICE PRESIDENTS..................................................................................12
          5.9       SECRETARY........................................................................................13
          5.10      CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER..........................................................................13

 ARTICLE VI - INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, AND
          OTHER AGENTS...............................................................................................14

          6.1       INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS........................................................14
          6.2       INDEMNIFICATION OF OTHERS........................................................................15
          6.3       INSURANCE........................................................................................15

 ARTICLE VII - RECORDS AND REPORTS...................................................................................15

          7.1       MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION OF RECORDS............................................................15
          7.2       INSPECTION BY DIRECTORS..........................................................................16
          7.3       ANNUAL STATEMENT TO STOCKHOLDERS.................................................................16
          7.4       REPRESENTATION OF SHARES OF OTHER CORPORATIONS...................................................16
          7.5       CERTIFICATION AND INSPECTION OF BYLAWS...........................................................16




                                      -ii-



                                TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                   (Continued)




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                                                                                                                   ----
                                                                                                                
 ARTICLE VIII - GENERAL MATTERS......................................................................................16

          8.1       RECORD DATE FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN NOTICE AND VOTING............................................16
          8.2       CHECKS; DRAFTS; EVIDENCES OF INDEBTEDNESS........................................................17
          8.3       CORPORATE CONTRACTS AND INSTRUMENTS:  HOW EXECUTED...............................................17
          8.4       STOCK CERTIFICATES; TRANSFER; PARTLY PAID SHARES.................................................17
          8.5       SPECIAL DESIGNATION ON CERTIFICATES..............................................................18
          8.6       LOST CERTIFICATES................................................................................18
          8.7       TRANSFER AGENTS AND REGISTRARS...................................................................19
          8.8       CONSTRUCTION; DEFINITIONS........................................................................19

 ARTICLE IX - AMENDMENTS.............................................................................................19
          9.1       AMENDMENTS BY STOCKHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS.........................................................19
          9.2       SUPERMAJORITY VOTE...............................................................................19




                                      -iii-



                                     BYLAWS

                                       OF

                             SAGENT TECHNOLOGY, INC.

                            (a Delaware Corporation)

                                    ARTICLE I

                                CORPORATE OFFICES

         1.1      REGISTERED OFFICE

         The registered office of the corporation shall be fixed in the
certificate of incorporation of the corporation.

         1.2      OTHER OFFICES

         The board of directors may at any time establish branch or subordinate
offices at any place or places where the corporation is qualified to do
business.


                                   ARTICLE II

                            MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS

         2.1      PLACE OF MEETINGS

         Meetings of stockholders shall be held at any place within or outside
the State of Delaware designated by the board of directors. In the absence of
any such designation, stockholders' meetings shall be held at the principal
executive office of the corporation.

         2.2      ANNUAL MEETING

         The annual meeting of stockholders shall be held each year on a date
and at a time designated by the board of directors. In the absence of such
designation, the annual meeting of stockholders shall be held on the third
Tuesday of May in each year at 10:00 a.m. However, if such day falls on a legal
holiday, then the meeting shall be held at the same time and place on the next
succeeding full business day. At the meeting, directors shall be elected, and
any other proper business may be transacted.






         2.3      SPECIAL MEETING

         Except as otherwise required by law, a special meeting of the
stockholders may be called only by the Board of Directors, the Chairman of the
Board, or the President; provided however, that if at any time no directors
remain in office, then a special meeting for the purpose of electing directors
may be called in accordance with the procedure set forth in the Bylaws. No
business may be transacted at such special meeting otherwise than as specified
in the notice of such meeting.

         2.4      NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDERS' MEETINGS

         All notices of meetings of stockholders shall be sent or otherwise
given in accordance with Section 2.6 of these bylaws not less than ten (10) nor
more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting. The notice shall
specify the place, date and hour of the meeting and (i) in the case of a special
meeting, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called (no business
other than that specified in the notice may be transacted) or (ii) in the case
of the annual meeting, those matters which the board of directors, at the time
of giving the notice, intends to present for action by the stockholders (but any
proper matter may be presented at the meeting for such action). The notice of
any meeting at which directors are to be elected shall include the name of any
nominee or nominees who, at the time of the notice, the board intends to present
for election.

         2.5      ADVANCE NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDER NOMINEES AND STOCKHOLDER
                  BUSINESS

         Subject to the rights of holders of any class or series of stock having
a preference over the Common Stock as to dividends or upon liquidation,

                  (a)      nominations for the election of directors, and

                  (b)      business proposed to be brought before any
                           stockholder meeting

may be made by the board of directors or proxy committee appointed by the board
of directors or by any stockholder entitled to vote in the election of directors
generally if such nomination or business proposed is otherwise proper business
before such meeting. However, any such stockholder may nominate one or more
persons for election as directors at a meeting or propose business to be brought
before a meeting, or both, only if such stockholder has given timely notice to
the secretary of the corporation in proper written form of their intent to make
such nomination or nominations or to propose such business. To be timely, such
stockholder's notice must be delivered to or mailed and received at the
principal executive offices of the corporation not less than one hundred twenty
(120) calendar days in advance of the date of the corporation's proxy statement
released to stockholders in connection with the previous year's annual meeting
of stockholders; provided, however, that in the event that no annual meeting was
held in the previous year or the date of the annual meeting has been changed by
more than thirty (30) days from the date contemplated at the time of the
previous year's proxy statement, notice by the stockholder to be timely must be
so received a reasonable time



                                       -2-



before the solicitation is made. To be in proper form, a stockholder's notice to
the secretary shall set forth:

                           (i)      the name and address of the stockholder who
intends to make the nominations or propose the business and, as the case may be,
of the person or persons to be nominated or of the business to be proposed;

                           (ii)     a representation that the stockholder is a
holder of record of stock of the corporation entitled to vote at such meeting
and, if applicable, intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to
nominate the person or persons specified in the notice;

                           (iii)    if applicable, a description of all
arrangements or understandings between the stockholder and each nominee and any
other person or persons (naming such person or persons) pursuant to which the
nomination or nominations are to be made by the stockholder;

                           (iv)     such other information regarding each
nominee or each matter of business to be proposed by such stockholder as would
be required to be included in a proxy statement filed pursuant to the proxy
rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission had the nominee been nominated,
or intended to be nominated, or the matter been proposed, or intended to be
proposed by the board of directors; and

                           (v)      if applicable, the consent of each nominee
to serve as director of the corporation if so elected.

         The chairman of the meeting shall refuse to acknowledge the nomination
of any person or the proposal of any business not made in compliance with the
foregoing procedure.

         2.6      MANNER OF GIVING NOTICE; AFFIDAVIT OF NOTICE

         Written notice of any meeting of stockholders shall be given either
personally or by first-class mail or by telegraphic or other written
communication. Notices not personally delivered shall be sent charges prepaid
and shall be addressed to the stockholder at the address of that stockholder
appearing on the books of the corporation or given by the stockholder to the
corporation for the purpose of notice. Notice shall be deemed to have been given
at the time when delivered personally or deposited in the mail or sent by
telegram or other means of written communication.

         An affidavit of the mailing or other means of giving any notice of any
stockholders' meeting, executed by the secretary, assistant secretary or any
transfer agent of the corporation giving the notice, shall be prima facie
evidence of the giving of such notice.



                                       -3-



         2.7      QUORUM

         The holders of a majority in voting power of the stock issued and
outstanding and entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by
proxy, shall constitute a quorum at all meetings of the stockholders for the
transaction of business except as otherwise provided by statute or by the
certificate of incorporation. If, however, such quorum is not present or
represented at any meeting of the stockholders, then either (i) the chairman of
the meeting or (ii) the stockholders entitled to vote thereat, present in person
or represented by proxy, shall have power to adjourn the meeting in accordance
with Section 2.7 of these bylaws.

         When a quorum is present at any meeting, the vote of the holders of a
majority of the stock having voting power present in person or represented by
proxy shall decide any question brought before such meeting, unless the question
is one upon which, by express provision of the laws of the State of Delaware or
of the certificate of incorporation or these bylaws, a different vote is
required, in which case such express provision shall govern and control the
decision of the question.

         If a quorum be initially present, the stockholders may continue to
transact business until adjournment, notwithstanding the withdrawal of enough
stockholders to leave less than a quorum, if any action taken is approved by a
majority of the stockholders initially constituting the quorum.

         2.8      ADJOURNED MEETING; NOTICE

         When a meeting is adjourned to another time and place, unless these
bylaws otherwise require, notice need not be given of the adjourned meeting if
the time and place thereof are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment
is taken. At the adjourned meeting the corporation may transact any business
that might have been transacted at the original meeting. If the adjournment is
for more than thirty (30) days, or if after the adjournment a new record date is
fixed for the adjourned meeting, a notice of the adjourned meeting shall be
given to each stockholder of record entitled to vote at the meeting.

         2.9      VOTING

         The stockholders entitled to vote at any meeting of stockholders shall
be determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.11 of these bylaws,
subject to the provisions of Sections 217 and 218 of the General Corporation Law
of Delaware (relating to voting rights of fiduciaries, pledgors and joint
owners, and to voting trusts and other voting agreements).

         Except as may be otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation
or these bylaws, each stockholder shall be entitled to one vote for each share
of capital stock held by such stockholder with respect to any matter submitted
to a vote of the stockholders and stockholders shall not be entitled to cumulate
their votes in the election of directors.



                                       -4-



         2.10     WAIVER OF NOTICE

         Whenever notice is required to be given under any provision of the
General Corporation Law of Delaware or of the certificate of incorporation or
these bylaws, a written waiver thereof, signed by the person entitled to notice,
whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent to
notice. Attendance of a person at a meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice
of such meeting, except when the person attends a meeting for the express
purpose of objecting, at the beginning of the meeting, to the transaction of any
business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Neither the
business to be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any regular or special meeting
of the stockholders need be specified in any written waiver of notice unless so
required by the certificate of incorporation or these bylaws.

         2.11     RECORD DATE FOR STOCKHOLDER NOTICE; VOTING

         For purposes of determining the stockholders entitled to notice of any
meeting or to vote thereat, the board of directors may fix, in advance, a record
date, which shall not precede the date upon which the resolution fixing the
record date is adopted by the board of directors and which shall not be more
than sixty (60) days nor less than ten (10) days before the date of any such
meeting, and in such event only stockholders of record on the date so fixed are
entitled to notice and to vote, notwithstanding any transfer of any shares on
the books of the corporation after the record date.

         If the board of directors does not so fix a record date, the record
date for determining stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting
of stockholders shall be at the close of business on the business day next
preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at the
close of business on the business day next preceding the day on which the
meeting is held.

         A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to
vote at a meeting of stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting
unless the board of directors fixes a new record date for the adjourned meeting,
but the board of directors shall fix a new record date if the meeting is
adjourned for more than thirty (30) days from the date set for the original
meeting.

         The record date for any other purpose shall be as provided in Section
8.1 of these bylaws.

         2.12     PROXIES

         Every person entitled to vote for directors, or on any other matter,
shall have the right to do so either in person or by one or more agents
authorized by a written proxy signed by the person and filed with the secretary
of the corporation, but no such proxy shall be voted or acted upon after three
(3) years from its date unless the proxy provides for a longer period. A proxy
shall be deemed signed if the stockholder's name is placed on the proxy (whether
by manual signature, typewriting, telegraphic transmission, telefacsimile or
otherwise) by the stockholder or the stockholder's attorney-in-fact. The
revocability of a proxy that states on its face that it is irrevocable shall be
governed by the provisions of Section 212(e) of the General Corporation Law of
Delaware.


                                       -5-




         2.13     ORGANIZATION

         The president, or in the absence of the president, the chairman of the
board, or, in the absence of the president and the chairman of the board, one of
the corporation's vice presidents, shall call the meeting of the stockholders to
order, and shall act as chairman of the meeting. In the absence of the
president, the chairman of the board, and all of the vice presidents, the
stockholders shall appoint a chairman for such meeting. The chairman of any
meeting of stockholders shall determine the order of business and the procedures
at the meeting, including such matters as the regulation of the manner of voting
and the conduct of business. The secretary of the corporation shall act as
secretary of all meetings of the stockholders, but in the absence of the
secretary at any meeting of the stockholders, the chairman of the meeting may
appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting.

         2.14     LIST OF STOCKHOLDERS ENTITLED TO VOTE

         The officer who has charge of the stock ledger of the corporation shall
prepare and make, at least ten (10) days before every meeting of stockholders, a
complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, arranged in
alphabetical order, and showing the address of each stockholder and the number
of shares registered in the name of each stockholder. Such list shall be open to
the examination of any stockholder, for any purpose germane to the meeting,
during ordinary business hours, for a period of at least ten (10) days prior to
the meeting, either at a place within the city where the meeting is to be held,
which place shall be specified in the notice of the meeting, or, if not so
specified, at the place where the meeting is to be held. The list shall also be
produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time
thereof, and may be inspected by any stockholder who is present.


                                   ARTICLE III

                                    DIRECTORS

         3.1      POWERS

         Subject to the provisions of the General Corporation Law of Delaware
and any limitations in the certificate of incorporation and these bylaws
relating to action required to be approved by the stockholders or by the
outstanding shares, the business and affairs of the corporation shall be managed
and all corporate powers shall be exercised by or under the direction of the
board of directors.

         3.2      NUMBER OF DIRECTORS

         The board of directors shall consist of six members. The board of
directors may increase or decrease the number of directors constituting the
board of directors upon the approval of a majority of the directors then in
office. The number of directors so determined shall be the



                                       -6-




authorized number of directors of the corporation. No reduction of the
authorized number of directors shall have the effect of removing any director
before that director's term of office expires.

         3.3      ELECTION AND TERM OF OFFICE OF DIRECTORS

         Except as provided in Section 3.4 of these bylaws, directors shall be
elected at each annual meeting of stockholders to hold office until the next
annual meeting. Each director, including a director elected or appointed to fill
a vacancy, shall hold office until the expiration of the term for which elected
and until a successor has been elected and qualified.

         3.4      RESIGNATION AND VACANCIES

         Any director may resign effective on giving written notice to the
chairman of the board, the president, the secretary or the board of directors,
unless the notice specifies a later time for that resignation to become
effective. If the resignation of a director is effective at a future time, the
board of directors may elect a successor to take office when the resignation
becomes effective.

         All vacancies in the board of directors may be filled by a majority of
the remaining directors, even if less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining
director; provided, that whenever the holders of any class or classes of stock
or series thereof are entitled to elect one or more directors by the provisions
of the certificate of incorporation, vacancies and newly created directorships
of such class or classes or series may be filled by a majority of the directors
elected by such class or classes or series thereof then in office, or by a sole
remaining director so elected.

         3.5      PLACE OF MEETINGS; MEETINGS BY TELEPHONE

         Regular meetings of the board of directors may be held at any place
within or outside the State of Delaware that has been designated from time to
time by resolution of the board. In the absence of such a designation, regular
meetings shall be held at the principal executive office of the corporation.
Special meetings of the board may be held at any place within or outside the
State of Delaware that has been designated in the notice of the meeting or, if
not stated in the notice or if there is no notice, at the principal executive
office of the corporation.

         Any meeting, regular or special, may be held by conference telephone or
similar communication equipment, so long as all directors participating in the
meeting can hear one another; and all such directors shall be deemed to be
present in person at the meeting.

         3.6      REGULAR MEETINGS

         Regular meetings of the board of directors may be held without notice
if the times of such meetings are fixed by the board of directors. If any
regular meeting day shall fall on a legal holiday, then the meeting shall be
held next succeeding full business day.



                                       -7-





         3.7      SPECIAL MEETINGS; NOTICE

         Special meetings of the board of directors for any purpose or purposes
may be called at any time by the chairman of the board, the president, any vice
president, the secretary or any two directors.

         Notice of the time and place of special meetings shall be delivered
personally or by telephone to each director or sent by first-class mail or
telegram, charges prepaid, addressed to each director at that director's address
as it is shown on the records of the corporation. If the notice is mailed, it
shall be deposited in the United States mail at least four (4) days before the
time of the holding of the meeting. If the notice is delivered personally or by
telephone or telegram, it shall be delivered personally or by telephone or to
the telegraph company at least forty-eight (48) hours before the time of the
holding of the meeting. Any oral notice given personally or by telephone may be
communicated either to the director or to a person at the office of the director
who the person giving the notice has reason to believe will promptly communicate
it to the director. The notice need not specify the purpose or the place of the
meeting, if the meeting is to be held at the principal executive office of the
corporation.

         3.8      QUORUM

         A majority of the authorized number of directors shall constitute a
quorum for the transaction of business, except to adjourn as provided in Section
3.10 of these bylaws. Every act or decision done or made by a majority of the
directors present at a duly held meeting at which a quorum is present shall be
regarded as the act of the board of directors, subject to the provisions of the
certificate of incorporation and other applicable law.

         A meeting at which a quorum is initially present may continue to
transact business notwithstanding the withdrawal of directors, if any action
taken is approved by at least a majority of the required quorum for that
meeting.

         3.9      WAIVER OF NOTICE

         Notice of a meeting need not be given to any director (i) who signs a
waiver of notice or a consent to holding the meeting or an approval of the
minutes thereof, whether before or after the meeting, or (ii) who attends the
meeting without protesting, prior thereto or at its commencement, the lack of
notice to such directors. All such waivers, consents, and approvals shall be
filed with the corporate records or made part of the minutes of the meeting. A
waiver of notice need not specify the purpose of any regular or special meeting
of the board of directors.

         3.10     ADJOURNMENT

         A majority of the directors present, whether or not constituting a
quorum, may adjourn any meeting to another time and place.



                                       -8-



         3.11     NOTICE OF ADJOURNMENT

         Notice of the time and place of holding an adjourned meeting need not
be given unless the meeting is adjourned for more than twenty-four (24) hours.
If the meeting is adjourned for more than twenty-four (24) hours, then notice of
the time and place of the adjourned meeting shall be given before the adjourned
meeting takes place, in the manner specified in Section 3.7 of these bylaws, to
the directors who were not present at the time of the adjournment.

         3.12     BOARD ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT WITHOUT A MEETING

         Any action required or permitted to be taken by the board of directors
may be taken without a meeting, provided that all members of the board
individually or collectively consent in writing to that action. Such action by
written consent shall have the same force and effect as a unanimous vote of the
board of directors. Such written consent and any counterparts thereof shall be
filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the board.

         3.13     FEES AND COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS

         Directors and members of committees may receive such compensation, if
any, for their services and such reimbursement of expenses as may be fixed or
determined by resolution of the board of directors. This Section 3.13 shall not
be construed to preclude any director from serving the corporation in any other
capacity as an officer, agent, employee or otherwise and receiving compensation
for those services.

         3.14     APPROVAL OF LOANS TO OFFICERS

         The corporation may lend money to, or guarantee any obligation of, or
otherwise assist any officer or other employee of the corporation or any of its
subsidiaries, including any officer or employee who is a director of the
corporation or any of its subsidiaries, whenever, in the judgment of the
directors, such loan, guaranty or assistance may reasonably be expected to
benefit the corporation. The loan, guaranty or other assistance may be with or
without interest and may be unsecured, or secured in such manner as the board of
directors shall approve, including, without limitation, a pledge of shares of
stock of the corporation. Nothing contained in this section shall be deemed to
deny, limit or restrict the powers of guaranty or warranty of the corporation at
common law or under any statute.



                                       -9-



                                   ARTICLE IV

                                   COMMITTEES

         4.1      COMMITTEES OF DIRECTORS

         The board of directors may, by resolution adopted by a majority of the
authorized number of directors, designate one (1) or more committees, each
consisting of two or more directors, to serve at the pleasure of the board. The
board may designate one (1) or more directors as alternate members of any
committee, who may replace any absent member at any meeting of the committee.
The appointment of members or alternate members of a committee requires the vote
of a majority of the authorized number of directors. Any committee, to the
extent provided in the resolution of the board, shall have and may exercise all
the powers and authority of the board, but no such committee shall have the
power of authority to:

                  (a) amend the certificate of incorporation (except that a
committee may, to the extent authorized in the resolution or resolutions
providing for the issuance of shares of stock adopted by the board of directors
as provided in Section 151(a) of the General Corporation Law of Delaware, fix
the designations and any of the preferences or rights of such shares relating to
dividends, redemption, dissolution, any distribution of assets of the
corporation or the conversion into, or the exchange of such shares for, shares
of any other class or classes or any other series of the same or any other class
or classes of stock of the corporation);

                  (b) adopt an agreement of merger or consolidation under
Sections 251 or 252 of the General Corporation Law of Delaware;

                  (c) recommend to the stockholders the sale, lease or exchange
of all or substantially all of the corporation's property and assets;

                  (d) recommend to the stockholders a dissolution of the
corporation or a revocation of a dissolution; or

                  (e) amend the bylaws of the corporation; and, unless the board
resolution estab lishing the committee, the bylaws or the certificate of
incorporation expressly so provide, no such committee shall have the power or
authority to declare a dividend, to authorize the issuance of stock, or to adopt
a certificate of ownership and merger pursuant to Section 253 of the General
Corporation Law of Delaware.

         4.2      MEETINGS AND ACTION OF COMMITTEES

         Meetings and actions of committees shall be governed by, and held and
taken in accordance with, the provisions of Article III of these bylaws, Section
3.5 (place of meetings), Section 3.6 (regular meetings), Section 3.7 (special
meetings and notice), Section 3.8 (quorum), Section 3.9



                                      -10-




(waiver of notice), Section 3.10 (adjournment), Section 3.11 (notice of
adjournment), and Section 3.12 (action without meeting), with such changes in
the context of those bylaws as are necessary to substitute the committee and its
members for the board of directors and its members; provided, however, that the
time of regular meetings of committees may be determined either by resolution of
the board of directors or by resolution of the committee, that special meetings
of committees may also be called by resolution of the board of directors, and
that notice of special meetings of committees shall also be given to all
alternate members, who shall have the right to attend all meetings of the
committee. The board of directors may adopt rules for the government of any
committee not inconsistent with the provisions of these bylaws.

         4.3      COMMITTEE MINUTES.

         Each committee shall keep regular minutes of its meetings and report
the same to the board of directors when required.


                                    ARTICLE V

                                    OFFICERS

         5.1      OFFICERS

         The officers of the corporation shall be a president, a secretary, and
a chief financial officer. The corporation may also have, at the discretion of
the board of directors, a chairman of the board, one or more vice presidents,
one or more assistant secretaries, one or more assistant treasurers, and such
other officers as may be appointed in accordance with the provisions of Section
5.3 of these bylaws. Any number of offices may be held by the same person.

         5.2      ELECTION OF OFFICERS

         The officers of the corporation, except such officers as may be
appointed in accordance with the provisions of Section 5.3 or Section 5.5 of
these bylaws, shall be chosen by the board, subject to the rights, if any, of an
officer under any contract of employment.

         5.3      SUBORDINATE OFFICERS

         The board of directors may appoint, or may empower the president to
appoint, such other officers as the business of the corporation may require,
each of whom shall hold office for such period, have such authority, and perform
such duties as are provided in these bylaws or as the board of directors may
from time to time determine.



                                      -11-



         5.4      REMOVAL AND RESIGNATION OF OFFICERS

         Subject to the rights, if any, of an officer under any contract of
employment, any officer may be removed, either with or without cause, by the
board of directors at any regular or special meeting of the board or, except in
case of an officer chosen by the board of directors, by any officer upon whom
such power of removal may be conferred by the board of directors.

         Any officer may resign at any time by giving written notice to the
corporation. Any resignation shall take effect at the date of the receipt of
that notice or at any later time specified in that notice; and, unless otherwise
specified in that notice, the acceptance of the resignation shall not be
necessary to make it effective. Any resignation is without prejudice to the
rights, if any, of the corporation under any contract to which the officer is a
party.

         5.5      VACANCIES IN OFFICES

         A vacancy in any office because of death, resignation, removal,
disqualification or any other cause shall be filled in the manner prescribed in
these bylaws for regular appointments to that office.

         5.6      CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD

         The chairman of the board, if such an officer be elected, shall, if
present, preside at meetings of the board of directors and exercise and perform
such other powers and duties as may from time to time be assigned to him by the
board of directors or as may be prescribed by these bylaws. If there is no
president, then the chairman of the board shall also be the chief executive
officer of the cor poration and shall have the powers and duties prescribed in
Section 5.7 of these bylaws.

         5.7      PRESIDENT

         Subject to such supervisory powers, if any, as may be given by the
board of directors to the chairman of the board, if there be such an officer,
the president shall be the chief executive officer of the corporation and shall,
subject to the control of the board of directors, have general supervision,
direction, and control of the business and the officers of the corporation. He
shall preside at all meetings of the stockholders and, in the absence or
nonexistence of a chairman of the board, at all meetings of the board of
directors. He shall have the general powers and duties of management usually
vested in the office of president of a corporation, and shall have such other
powers and duties as may be prescribed by the board of directors or these
bylaws.

         5.8      VICE PRESIDENTS

         In the absence or disability of the president, the vice presidents, if
any, in order of their rank as fixed by the board of directors or, if not
ranked, a vice president designated by the board of directors, shall perform all
the duties of the president and when so acting shall have all the powers of, and
be subject to all the restrictions upon, the president. The vice presidents
shall have such



                                      -12-



other powers and perform such other duties as from time to time may be
prescribed for them respectively by the board of directors, these bylaws, the
president or the chairman of the board.

         5.9      SECRETARY

         The secretary shall keep or cause to be kept, at the principal
executive office of the corporation or such other place as the board of
directors may direct, a book of minutes of all meetings and actions of
directors, committees of directors and stockholders. The minutes shall show the
time and place of each meeting, whether regular or special (and, if special, how
authorized and the notice given), the names of those present at directors'
meetings or committee meetings, the number of shares present or represented at
stockholders' meetings, and the proceedings thereof.

         The secretary shall keep, or cause to be kept, at the principal
executive office of the corporation or at the office of the corporation's
transfer agent or registrar, as determined by resolu tion of the board of
directors, a share register, or a duplicate share register, showing the names of
all stockholders and their addresses, the number and classes of shares held by
each, the number and date of certificates evidencing such shares, and the number
and date of cancellation of every certificate surrendered for cancellation.

         The secretary shall give, or cause to be given, notice of all meetings
of the stockholders and of the board of directors required to be given by law or
by these bylaws. He shall keep the seal of the corporation, if one be adopted,
in safe custody and shall have such other powers and perform such other duties
as may be prescribed by the board of directors or by these bylaws.

         5.10     CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

         The chief financial officer shall keep and maintain, or cause to be
kept and maintained, adequate and correct books and records of accounts of the
properties and business transactions of the corporation, including accounts of
its assets, liabilities, receipts, disbursements, gains, losses, capital,
retained earnings, and shares. The books of account shall at all reasonable
times be open to in spection by any director.

         The chief financial officer shall deposit all money and other valuables
in the name and to the credit of the corporation with such depositaries as may
be designated by the board of directors. He shall disburse the funds of the
corporation as may be ordered by the board of directors, shall render to the
president and directors, whenever they request it, an account of all of his
transactions as chief financial officer and of the financial condition of the
corporation, and shall have such other powers and perform such other duties as
may be prescribed by the board of directors or these bylaws.



                                      -13-




                                   ARTICLE VI

               INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES,
                                AND OTHER AGENTS

         6.1      INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS

         The corporation shall, to the maximum extent and in the manner
permitted by the General Corporation Law of Delaware as the same now exists or
may hereafter be amended, indemnify any person against expenses (including
attorneys' fees), judgments, fines, and amounts paid in settlement actually and
reasonably incurred in connection with any threatened, pending or completed
action, suit, or proceeding in which such person was or is a party or is
threatened to be made a party by reason of the fact that such person is or was a
director or officer of the corporation. For purposes of this Section 6.1, a
'director' or 'officer' of the corporation shall mean any person (i) who is or
was a director or officer of the corporation, (ii) who is or was serving at the
request of the corporation as a director or officer of another corporation,
partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, or (iii) who was a
director or officer of a corporation which was a predecessor corporation of the
corporation or of another enterprise at the request of such predecessor
corporation.

         The corporation shall be required to indemnify a director or officer in
connection with an action, suit, or proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by
such director or officer only if the initiation of such action, suit, or
proceeding (or part thereof) by the director or officer was authorized by the
Board of Directors of the corporation.

         The corporation shall pay the expenses (including attorney's fees)
incurred by a director or officer of the corporation entitled to indemnification
hereunder in defending any action, suit or proceeding referred to in this
Section 6.1 in advance of its final disposition; provided, however, that payment
of expenses incurred by a director or officer of the corporation in advance of
the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding shall be made only upon
receipt of an undertaking by the director or officer to repay all amounts
advanced if it should ultimately be determined that the director of officer is
not entitled to be indemnified under this Section 6.1 or otherwise.

         The rights conferred on any person by this Article shall not be
exclusive of any other rights which such person may have or hereafter acquire
under any statute, provision of the corporation's Certificate of Incorporation,
these bylaws, agreement, vote of the stockholders or disinterested directors or
otherwise.

         Any repeal or modification of the foregoing provisions of this Article
shall not adversely affect any right or protection hereunder of any person in
respect of any act or omission occurring prior to the time of such repeal or
modification.



                                      -14-




         6.2      INDEMNIFICATION OF OTHERS

         The corporation shall have the power, to the maximum extent and in the
manner permitted by the General Corporation Law of Delaware as the same now
exists or may hereafter be amended, to indemnify any person (other than
directors and officers) against expenses (including attorneys' fees), judgments,
fines, and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred in
connection with any threatened, pending or completed action, suit, or
proceeding, in which such person was or is a party or is threatened to be made a
party by reason of the fact that such person is or was an employee or agent of
the corporation. For purposes of this Section 6.2, an 'employee' or 'agent' of
the corporation (other than a director or officer) shall mean any person (i) who
is or was an employee or agent of the corporation, (ii) who is or was serving at
the request of the corporation as an employee or agent of another corporation,
partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, or (iii) who was an
employee or agent of a corporation which was a predecessor corporation of the
corporation or of another enterprise at the request of such predecessor
corporation.

         6.3      INSURANCE

         The corporation may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any
person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation,
or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer,
employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or
other enterprise against any liability asserted against him or her and incurred
by him or her in any such capacity, or arising out of his or her status as such,
whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify him or her
against such liability under the provisions of the General Corporation Law of
Delaware.


                                   ARTICLE VII

                               RECORDS AND REPORTS

         7.1      MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION OF RECORDS

         The corporation shall, either at its principal executive office or at
such place or places as designated by the board of directors, keep a record of
its stockholders listing their names and addresses and the number and class of
shares held by each stockholder, a copy of these bylaws as amended to date,
accounting books and other records of its business and properties.

         Any stockholder of record, in person or by attorney or other agent,
shall, upon written demand under oath stating the purpose thereof, have the
right during the usual hours for business to inspect for any proper purpose the
corporation's stock ledger, a list of its stockholders, and its other books and
records and to make copies or extracts therefrom. A proper purpose shall mean a
purpose reasonably related to such person's interest as a stockholder. In every
instance where an attorney or other agent is the person who seeks the right to
inspection, the demand under oath shall be



                                      -15-




accompanied by a power of attorney or such other writing that authorizes the
attorney or other agent to so act on behalf of the stockholder. The demand under
oath shall be directed to the corporation at its registered office in Delaware
or at its principal place of business.

         7.2      INSPECTION BY DIRECTORS

         Any director shall have the right to examine (and to make copies of)
the corporation's stock ledger, a list of its stockholders and its other books
and records for a purpose reasonably related to his or her position as a
director.

         7.3      ANNUAL STATEMENT TO STOCKHOLDERS

         The board of directors shall present at each annual meeting, and at any
special meeting of the stockholders when called for by vote of the stockholders,
a full and clear statement of the business and condition of the corporation.

         7.4      REPRESENTATION OF SHARES OF OTHER CORPORATIONS

         The chairman of the board, if any, the president, any vice president,
the chief financial officer, the secretary or any assistant secretary of this
corporation, or any other person authorized by the board of directors or the
president or a vice president, is authorized to vote, represent and exercise on
behalf of this corporation all rights incident to any and all shares of the
stock of any other corporation or corporations standing in the name of this
corporation. The authority herein granted may be exercised either by such person
directly or by any other person authorized to do so by proxy or power of
attorney duly executed by such person having the authority.

         7.5      CERTIFICATION AND INSPECTION OF BYLAWS

         The original or a copy of these bylaws, as amended or otherwise altered
to date, certified by the secretary, shall be kept at the corporation's
principal executive office and shall be open to inspection by the stockholders
of the corporation, at all reasonable times during office hours.


                                  ARTICLE VIII

                                 GENERAL MATTERS

         8.1      RECORD DATE FOR PURPOSES OTHER THAN NOTICE AND VOTING

         For purposes of determining the stockholders entitled to receive
payment of any dividend or other distribution or allotment of any rights or the
stockholders entitled to exercise any rights in respect of any other lawful
action, the board of directors may fix, in advance, a record date, which shall
not be more than sixty (60) days before any such action. In that case, only
stockholders of



                                      -16-



record at the close of business on the date so fixed are entitled to receive the
dividend, distribution or allotment of rights, or to exercise such rights, as
the case may be, notwithstanding any transfer of any shares on the books of the
corporation after the record date so fixed, except as otherwise provided in the
General Corporation Law of Delaware.

         If the board of directors does not so fix a record date, then the
record date for determining stockholders for any such purpose shall be at the
close of business on the day on which the board adopts the applicable
resolution.

         8.2      CHECKS; DRAFTS; EVIDENCES OF INDEBTEDNESS

         From time to time, the board of directors shall determine by resolution
which person or persons may sign or endorse all checks, drafts, other orders for
payment of money, notes or other evidences of indebtedness that are issued in
the name of or payable to the corporation, and only the persons so authorized
shall sign or endorse those instruments.

         8.3      CORPORATE CONTRACTS AND INSTRUMENTS:  HOW EXECUTED

         The board of directors, except as otherwise provided in these bylaws,
may authorize any officer or officers, or agent or agents, to enter into any
contract or execute any instrument in the name of and on behalf of the
corporation; such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.
Unless so authorized or ratified by the board of directors or within the agency
power of an officer, no officer, agent or employee shall have any power or
authority to bind the corporation by any contract or engagement or to pledge its
credit or to render it liable for any purpose or for any amount.

         8.4      STOCK CERTIFICATES; TRANSFER; PARTLY PAID SHARES

         The shares of the corporation shall be represented by certificates,
provided that the board of directors of the corporation may provide by
resolution or resolutions that some or all of any or all classes or series of
its stock shall be uncertificated shares. Any such resolution shall not apply to
shares represented by a certificate until such certificate is surrendered to the
corporation. Notwithstanding the adoption of such a resolution by the board of
directors, every holder of stock represented by certificates and, upon request,
every holder of uncertificated shares, shall be entitled to have a certificate
signed by, or in the name of the corporation by, the chairman or vice-chairman
of the board of directors, or the president or vice-president, and by the
treasurer or an assistant treasurer, or the secretary or an assistant secretary
of such corporation representing the number of shares registered in certificate
form. Any or all of the signatures on the certificate may be a facsimile. In
case any officer, transfer agent or registrar who has signed or whose facsimile
signature has been placed upon a certificate has ceased to be such officer,
transfer agent or registrar before such certificate is issued, it may be issued
by the corporation with the same effect as if he or she were such officer,
transfer agent or registrar at the date of issue.



                                      -17-





         Certificates for shares shall be of such form and device as the board
of directors may designate and shall state the name of the record holder of the
shares represented thereby; its number; date of issuance; the number of shares
for which it is issued; a summary statement or reference to the powers,
designations, preferences or other special rights of such stock and the
qualifications, limitations or restrictions of such preferences and/or rights,
if any; a statement or summary of liens, if any; a conspicuous notice of
restrictions upon transfer or registration of transfer, if any; a statement as
to any applicable voting trust agreement; if the shares be assessable, or, if
assessments are collectible by personal action, a plain statement of such facts.

         Upon surrender to the secretary or transfer agent of the corporation of
a certificate for shares duly endorsed or accompanied by proper evidence of
succession, assignment or authority to transfer, it shall be the duty of the
corporation to issue a new certificate to the person entitled thereto, cancel
the old certificate and record the transaction upon its books.

         The corporation may issue the whole or any part of its shares as partly
paid and subject to call for the remainder of the consideration to be paid
therefor. Upon the face or back of each stock certificate issued to represent
any such partly paid shares, or upon the books and records of the corporation in
the case of uncertificated partly paid shares, the total amount of the
consideration to be paid therefor and the amount paid thereon shall be stated.
Upon the declaration of any dividend on fully paid shares, the corporation shall
declare a dividend upon partly paid shares of the same class, but only upon the
basis of the percentage of the consideration actually paid thereon.

         8.5      SPECIAL DESIGNATION ON CERTIFICATES

         If the corporation is authorized to issue more than one class of stock
or more than one series of any class, then the powers, the designations, the
preferences and the relative, participating, optional or other special rights of
each class of stock or series thereof and the qualifications, limitations or
restrictions of such preferences and/or rights shall be set forth in full or
summarized on the face or back of the certificate that the corporation shall
issue to represent such class or series of stock; provided, however, that,
except as otherwise provided in Section 202 of the General Corporation Law of
Delaware, in lieu of the foregoing requirements there may be set forth on the
face or back of the certificate that the corporation shall issue to represent
such class or series of stock a statement that the corporation will furnish
without charge to each stockholder who so requests the powers, the designations,
the preferences and the relative, participating, optional or other special
rights of each class of stock or series thereof and the qualifications,
limitations or restrictions of such preferences and/or rights.

         8.6      LOST CERTIFICATES

         Except as provided in this Section 8.6, no new certificates for shares
shall be issued to replace a previously issued certificate unless the latter is
surrendered to the corporation and canceled at the same time. The board of
directors may, in case any share certificate or certificate for any other
security is lost, stolen or destroyed, authorize the issuance of replacement
certificates on such terms



                                      -18-





and conditions as the board may require; the board may require indemnification
of the corporation secured by a bond or other adequate security sufficient to
protect the corporation against any claim that may be made against it, including
any expense or liability, on account of the alleged loss, theft or destruction
of the certificate or the issuance of the replacement certificate.

         8.7      TRANSFER AGENTS AND REGISTRARS

         The board of directors may appoint one or more transfer agents or
transfer clerks, and one or more registrars, each of which shall be an
incorporated bank or trust company -- either domestic or foreign, who shall be
appointed at such times and places as the requirements of the corporation may
necessitate and the board of directors may designate.

         8.8      CONSTRUCTION; DEFINITIONS

         Unless the context requires otherwise, the general provisions, rules of
construction, and definitions in the General Corporation Law of Delaware shall
govern the construction of these bylaws. Without limiting the generality of this
provision, the singular number includes the plural, the plural number includes
the singular, and the term 'person' includes both a corporation and a natural
person.


                                   ARTICLE IX

                                   AMENDMENTS

         9.1      AMENDMENTS BY STOCKHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS

         The original or other bylaws of the corporation may be adopted, amended
or repealed by the stockholders entitled to vote or by the board of directors of
the corporation. The fact that such power has been so conferred upon the
directors shall not divest the stockholders of the power, nor limit their power
to adopt, amend or repeal bylaws.

         Whenever an amendment or new bylaw is adopted, it shall be copied in
the book of bylaws with the original bylaws, in the appropriate place. If any
bylaw is repealed, the fact of repeal with the date of the meeting at which the
repeal was enacted or the filing of the operative written consent(s) shall be
stated in said book.

         9.2      SUPERMAJORITY VOTE

         Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the bylaws, neither Section
2.3 (special meeting), Section 2.5 (advance notice of stockholder nominees and
stockholder business), nor this Section 9.2 (supermajority vote) of the bylaws
shall be repealed or amended, nor shall any provision inconsistent



                                      -19-




with the aforementioned provisions be adopted and added to the bylaws except
upon the affirmative vote of not less than two-thirds of the shares of the
corporation issued and outstanding.

         Amended and Restated Bylaws adopted by the Board of Directors of the
Corporation at Mountain View, California, this 22nd day of January, 1999.



                                      -20-