BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY INC.
1996 STOCK OPTION PLAN
Adopted As of December 16, 1996
SECTION 1. GENERAL PURPOSE OF PLAN; DEFINITIONS.
The name of this plan is the Berkshire Hathaway Inc. 1996 Stock
Option Plan (the 'Plan'). The purpose of the Plan is to facilitate the
acquisition by Berkshire Hathaway Inc. ('Berkshire') of sizable businesses
that have attracted and retained highly qualified personnel through the use
of, among other things, stock options.
For purposes of the Plan, the following terms shall be defined as
set forth below:
(a) 'BOARD' means the Board of Directors of Berkshire.
(b) 'CLOSING PRICE' as of a particular date, means (i) if the
shares of Stock are then listed or admitted to trading on a national
securities exchange, the last reported sales price of a share of Stock sold in
the regular way on the New York Stock Exchange on such date (or on such other
principal national securities exchange as the Committee may designate on or
prior to such date), or if no sales occurred on such date, the last sales
price on the last preceding day on which such shares of Stock were sold on
such exchange, (ii) if the shares of Stock are not then listed or admitted to
trading on a national securities exchange, the last reported sales price of a
share of Stock sold in the regular way on the NASDAQ National Market System on
such date, or (iii) if the shares of Stock are not then listed or admitted to
trading on any national securities exchange or quoted on the NASDAQ National
Market System, the average of the closing bid and asked prices for a share of
Stock on the over-the-counter market.
(c) 'CODE' means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
from time to time, or any successor thereto.
(d) 'COMMITTEE' means the Committee appointed by the Chief
Executive Officer of Berkshire to administer and interpret the Plan.
(e) 'COMPANY' means Berkshire and any Subsidiary (or any
successor corporation) of Berkshire.
(f) 'DISABILITY' means the inability of a Participant to perform
substantially his or her duties and responsibilities to the Company by reason
of a physical or mental disability or infirmity (1) for a continuous period of
six months, or (2) at such earlier time as the Participant submits medical
evidence satisfactory to the Committee that he has a physical or mental
disability or infirmity which will likely prevent him from returning to the
performance of his work duties for six months or longer. The date of such
Disability shall be on the last day of such six-month period or the day on
which the Participant submits such satisfactory medical evidence, as the case
(g) 'EFFECTIVE DATE' shall mean the date provided pursuant to
(h) 'ELIGIBLE EMPLOYEE' means an employee of the Company eligible
to participate in the Plan pursuant to Section 4.
(i) 'FAIR MARKET VALUE' means, as of any given date, with respect
to any Stock Options granted hereunder, at the discretion of the Committee and
subject to such limitations as the Committee may impose, (1) the Closing Price
of the Stock, (2) the fair market value of the Stock as determined in
accordance with a method prescribed in the agreement evidencing any award
hereunder, or (3) the fair market value of the Stock as otherwise determined
by the Committee in the good faith exercise of its discretion.
(j) 'NON-QUALIFIED STOCK OPTION' means a Stock Option that is not
an 'incentive stock option' within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code.
(k) 'PARTICIPANT' means any Eligible Employee or any consultant
or advisor to the Company selected by the Committee, pursuant to the
Committee's authority in Section 2 below, to receive grants of Stock Options.
(l) 'STOCK' means the Class B Common Stock, $.1667 par value, of
(m) 'STOCK OPTION' means any option to purchase shares of Stock
granted pursuant to Section 5.
(n) 'SUBSIDIARY' means any corporation (other than Berkshire) in
an unbroken chain of corporations beginning with Berkshire, if each of the
corporations (other than the last corporation) in the unbroken chain owns
stock possessing 50% or more of the total combined voting power of all classes
of stock in one of the other corporations in the chain.
SECTION 2. ADMINISTRATION.
The Plan shall be administered by the Committee which shall be
appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Chief Executive Officer of
Berkshire. The Committee shall have the power and authority to grant Stock
Options to Eligible Employees and consultants and advisors to the Company
pursuant to the terms of the Plan.
In particular, the Committee shall have the authority, upon the
recommendation of the Chief Executive Officer of a Subsidiary or on the
Committee's own initiative:
(a) to designate those employees of the Company who shall be
Eligible Employees and those consultants and advisors who shall be
(b) to determine whether and to what extent Stock Options are to
be granted hereunder to Eligible Employees and consultants and advisors to the
(c) to determine the number of shares of Stock to be covered by
each such award granted hereunder;
(d) to determine the terms and conditions, not inconsistent with
the terms of the Plan, of any Stock Option granted hereunder; and
(e) to determine the terms and conditions, not inconsistent with
the terms of the Plan, which shall govern all written instruments evidencing
the Stock Options.
The Committee shall have the authority to adopt, alter and repeal
such administrative rules, guidelines and practices governing the Plan as it
shall from time to time deem advisable; to interpret the terms and provisions
of the Plan and any award issued under the Plan (and any agreements relating
thereto); and otherwise to administer and supervise the administration of the
All decisions made by the Committee pursuant to the provisions of
the Plan shall be final and binding on all persons, including the Company and
SECTION 3. STOCK SUBJECT TO PLAN.
The total number of shares of Stock reserved and available for
issuance under the Plan shall be 17,500. Such shares may consist, in whole or
in part, of authorized and unissued shares or treasury shares.
To the extent that a Stock Option expires or is otherwise
terminated without being exercised, the shares subject to such Stock Option
shall again be available for issuance in connection with future awards under
the Plan. If any shares of Stock have been pledged as collateral for
indebtedness incurred by a Participant in connection with the exercise of a
Stock Option and such shares are returned to the Company in satisfaction of
such indebtedness, such shares shall again be available for issuance in
connection with future awards under the Plan.
In the event of any merger, reorganization, consolidation,
recapitalization, reclassification, stock split-up, combination of shares,
stock dividend or other change in corporate structure affecting the Stock, a
substitution or adjustment may be made (or shall be made if mandatory
adjustments are provided in a Participant's Stock Option agreement) in (a) the
aggregate number of shares reserved for issuance under the Plan and (b) the
kind, number and option price of shares subject to outstanding Stock Options
granted under the Plan, as may be determined by the Committee. In addition,
such other substitutions or adjustments shall be made as may be determined by
SECTION 4. ELIGIBILITY.
Key employees, consultants and advisors of the Company (other than
any such person who is an officer or director of Berkshire) who are
responsible for or contribute to the management, growth and/or profitability
of the business of the Company shall be eligible to be granted Stock Options
hereunder. The Participants under the Plan shall be selected from time to
time by the Committee on its own initiative or from among the Eligible
Employees and consultants and advisors to the Company recommended by the Chief
Executive Officer of a Subsidiary, and the Committee shall determine the
number of shares covered by each award in light of such recommendations as
such Chief Executive Officer of a Subsidiary may make.
SECTION 5. STOCK OPTIONS.
Any Stock Option granted under the Plan shall be in such form as
the Committee may from time to time approve, and the provisions of Stock
Option awards need not be the same with respect to each optionee. Recipients
of Stock Options shall enter into a Stock Option agreement with Berkshire in
such form as the Committee shall determine. Such agreement shall set forth,
among other things, the exercise price of the Stock Option, the term of the
Stock Option and provisions regarding exercisability of the Stock Option.
The Stock Options granted under the Plan may only be Non-Qualified
The Committee shall have the authority to grant any Eligible
Employee, consultant or advisor Non-Qualified Stock Options. More than one
Stock Option may be granted to the same optionee and be outstanding
Stock Options granted under the Plan shall be subject to the
following terms and conditions and shall contain such additional terms and
conditions, not inconsistent with the terms of the Plan, as the Committee
shall deem desirable:
(a) EXERCISE PRICE. The exercise price per share of Stock
purchasable under a Stock Option shall be determined by the Committee at the
time of grant.
(b) OPTION TERM. The term of each Stock Option shall be fixed by
the Committee, but no Stock Option shall be exercisable more than ten years
after the date such Stock Option is granted.
(c) EXERCISABILITY. Stock Options shall be exercisable at such
time or times and subject to such terms and conditions as shall be determined
by the Committee at or after grant. The Committee may provide that any Stock
Option shall be exercisable only in installments, and the Committee may waive
such installment exercise provisions at any time in whole or in part based on
such factors as the Committee may determine.
(d) METHOD OF EXERCISE. Subject to Section 5(c) above, Stock
Options may be exercised in whole or in part at any time during the option
period, by giving written notice of exercise to the person or entity specified
by the Committee specifying the number of shares to be purchased, accompanied
by payment in full of the purchase price in cash or its equivalent as
determined by the Committee. Such person or entity specified by the Committee
shall promptly transmit such notice and payment to Berkshire. As determined
by the Committee payment in whole or in part may also be made in the form of
unrestricted Stock already owned by the optionee (based on the Fair Market
Value of the Stock on the date the Stock Option is exercised); provided,
however, that, if so indicated in a Participant's Stock Option agreement,
payment by delivery of such unrestricted Stock may be made only if such
payment does not result in a charge to earnings for financial accounting
purposes as determined by the Committee. An optionee shall not be, nor have
any of the rights of, a stockholder with respect to the Stock subject to the
Stock Option unless and until the optionee has given written notice of
exercises; has paid in full for such shares; if requested, has given the
representation described in Section 8(a); and certificates representing such
shares have been issued to the optionee.
The Committee may require the voluntary surrender of all or a
portion of any Stock Option granted under the Plan as a condition precedent to
a grant of a new Stock Option. Subject to the provisions of the Plan, such
new Stock Option shall be exercisable at the price, during such period and on
such other terms and conditions as are specified by the Committee at the time
the new Stock Option is granted; provided, however, should the Committee so
require, the number of shares subject to such new Stock Option shall not be
greater than the number of shares subject to the surrendered Stock Option.
Upon their surrender, Stock Options shall be canceled and the shares
previously subject to such canceled Stock Options shall again be available for
grants of Stock Options and other awards hereunder.
(e) RIGHT TO ELECT TO PAY PROFIT IN CASH OR SHARES IN LIEU OF
DELIVERING SHARES OF STOCK. The Committee, in its absolute discretion, may
elect (in lieu of delivering all or a portion of the shares of Stock as to
which a Stock Option has been exercised) for Berkshire to pay the optionee
(1) A sum in cash equal to the amount obtained by
multiplying the number of such shares as to which the election is made by the
excess of (i) the Closing Price of a share of Stock on the date the written
notice of exercise is delivered to the person or entity specified by the
Committee over (ii) the Stock Option's exercise price; or
(2) Shares of Stock equal to the number obtained by
multiplying the number of shares as to which the election is made by the
excess of (i) the Closing Price of a share of the Stock on the date the
written notice of exercise is delivered to the person or entity specified by
the Committee over (ii) the Stock Option's exercise price, and dividing this
amount by the Closing Price of the Stock on such date.
(f) LOANS. The Company may, in its sole discretion, make loans
available to Stock Option holders in connection with the exercise of
outstanding Stock Options granted under the Plan, as the Committee may
determine. Such loans shall (a) be evidenced by promissory notes entered into
by the Stock Option holders in favor of the Company, (b) be subject to the
terms and conditions set forth in this Section 5(f) and such other terms and
conditions, not inconsistent with the Plan, as the Committee shall determine,
and (c) bear interest at such rate as the Committee shall determine. In no
event may the principal amount of any such loan exceed the sum of (x) the
exercise price less the par value of the shares of Stock covered by the Stock
Option, or portion thereof, exercised by the holder, and (y) any federal,
state, and local income tax attributable to such exercise. The initial term
of the loan, the schedule of payments of principal and interest under the loan
and the conditions upon which the loan will become payable in the event of the
holder's termination of employment shall be determined by the Committee.
Unless the Committee determines otherwise, when a loan is made, shares of
Stock having a Fair Market Value at least equal to the principal amount of the
loan shall be pledged by the holder to the Company as security for payment of
the unpaid balance of the loan, and such pledge shall be evidenced by a pledge
agreement, the terms of which shall be determined by the Committee; provided,
however, that each loan shall comply with all applicable laws, regulations and
rules of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and any other
governmental agency having jurisdiction.
(g) NON-TRANSFERABILITY OF OPTIONS. Unless otherwise allowed by
the Committee in writing, no Stock Option shall be transferable by the
optionee, and all Stock Options shall be exercisable, during the optionee's
lifetime, only by the optionee.
(h) TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT OR SERVICE. If an optionee's
employment with or service as a consultant or advisor to the Company
terminates by reason of death, Disability or for any other reason, the Stock
Option may thereafter be exercised to the extent provided in the applicable
Stock Option agreement, or as otherwise determined by the Committee.
SECTION 6. AMENDMENT AND TERMINATION.
The Board may amend, alter or discontinue the Plan, but no
amendment, alteration, or discontinuation shall be made that would impair the
rights of a Participant under any Stock Option theretofore granted without
such Participant's consent.
The Committee may amend the terms of any Stock Option theretofore
granted, prospectively or retroactively, but, except as stated in to Section 3
above, no such amendment shall impair the rights of any holder without his or
SECTION 7. UNFUNDED STATUS OF PLAN.
The Plan is intended to constitute an 'unfunded' plan for incentive
compensation. With respect to any payments not yet made to a Participant,
nothing contained herein shall give any such Participant any rights that are
greater than those of a general creditor.
SECTION 8. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
(a) The Committee may require each person purchasing shares
pursuant to a Stock Option to represent to and agree with Berkshire in writing
that such person is acquiring the shares without a view to distribution
thereof. The certificates for such shares may include any legend which the
Committee deems appropriate to reflect any restrictions on transfer.
All certificates for shares of Stock delivered under the Plan shall
be subject to such stock-transfer orders and other restrictions as the
Committee may deem advisable under the rules, regulations, and other
requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, any stock exchange
upon which the Stock is then listed, and any applicable federal or state
securities law, and the Committee may cause a legend or legends to be placed
on any such certificates to make appropriate reference to such restrictions.
(b) The adoption of the Plan shall not confer upon any employee,
consultant or advisor of the Company any right to continued employment or
service with the Company, as the case may be, nor shall it interfere in any
way with the right of the Company to terminate the employment or service of
any of its employees, consultants or advisors at any time.
(c) Each Participant shall, no later than the date as of which
the value of an award first becomes includible in the gross income of the
Participant for federal income tax purposes, pay to Berkshire or a Subsidiary,
or make arrangements satisfactory to the Committee regarding payment of, any
federal, state or local taxes of any kind required by law to be withheld with
respect to the award. The obligations of Berkshire and any Subsidiary under
the Plan shall be conditional on the making of such payments or arrangements,
and Berkshire and any Subsidiary shall, to the extent permitted by law, have
the right to deduct any such taxes from any payment of any kind otherwise due
to the Participant.
(d) No member of the Board or the Committee, nor any officer or
employee of Berkshire or a Subsidiary acting on behalf of the Board or the
Committee, shall be personally liable for any action, determination or
interpretation taken or made in good faith with respect to the Plan, and all
members of the Board or the Committee and each officer or employee of
Berkshire or a Subsidiary acting on their behalf shall, to the extent
permitted by law, be fully indemnified and protected by Berkshire or the
Subsidiary, as the case may be, in respect of any such action, determination
(e) With respect to all exercises of authority and determinations
of any kind to be made by the Committee under this Plan or any related
agreement, the Committee shall be entitled to exercise such authority and make
such determinations in its sole discretion.
SECTION 9. EFFECTIVE DATE OF PLAN.
The Plan became effective on December 16, 1996.
SECTION 10. TERM OF PLAN.
No Stock Option shall be granted pursuant to the Plan on or after
the tenth anniversary of the Effective Date, but awards theretofore granted
may extend beyond that date.