PLAN OF MERGER
XOOM GBT MERGER CORP.,
GLOBAL BRIDGES TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
THE SHAREHOLDER OF
GLOBAL BRIDGES TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
June 11, 1998
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ARTICLE I. THE MERGER........................................... 1
1.1 The Merger............................................. 1
1.2 The Effective Date..................................... 2
1.3 The Surviving Corporation.............................. 2
1.4 Closing................................................ 2
ARTICLE II. CONVERSION OF SHARES................................ 2
2.1 Conversion of Shares................................... 2
2.2 Tax Withholding........................................ 2
2.3 The Merger Consideration............................... 3
2.4 Price Protection....................................... 3
2.5 Records Regarding Sitemail Revenues.................... 4
2.6 Repayment of Certain Debt Obligations.................. 4
ARTICLE III. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF GBT.............. 4
3.1 Requisite Consents; Nonviolation....................... 4
3.2 Due Organization of GBT; Authorizations................ 4
3.3 Capitalization......................................... 5
3.4 Authority; Binding Nature of Agreements................ 5
3.5 Subsidiaries etc....................................... 5
3.6 Financial Statements................................... 5
3.7 No Material Changes.................................... 6
3.8 Undisclosed Liabilities................................ 6
3.9 Governmental Authorizations; Compliance with Laws...... 6
3.10 Litigation............................................. 7
3.11 Employee Benefit Plans................................. 7
3.12 Patent, Trademark and Related Matters.................. 7
3.13 Real and Personal Property............................. 7
3.14 Insurance.............................................. 7
3.15 Taxes.................................................. 8
3.16 Environmental Matters.................................. 10
3.17 Contracts.............................................. 11
3.18 Accounts Receivable.................................... 11
3.19 Customers and Suppliers................................ 11
3.20 Bank Accounts.......................................... 11
3.21 Title to Properties; Encumbrances...................... 12
3.22 Compensation of Employees.............................. 12
3.23 Tax Status of Reorganization........................... 12
ARTICLE IV. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SHAREHOLDER... 13
4.1 Title to Common Shares................................. 13
4.2 Capacity............................................... 13
4.3 Confirmation of GBT's Representations and Warranties... 13
4.4 Purchase Entirely for Own Account...................... 14
4.5 Disclosure of Information.............................. 14
4.6 Release By Shareholder................................. 14
4.7 Release By Shareholder................................. 14
ARTICLE V. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF
THE COMPANY AND XOOM.......................................... 15
5.1 Due Incorporation; Requisite Power and Authority....... 15
5.2 Due Organization of XOOM and the Company............... 15
5.3 Requisite Consents; Nonviolation....................... 15
5.4 XOOM Stock............................................. 15
5.5 Capitalization......................................... 16
5.6 Financial Statements................................... 16
5.7 Litigation............................................. 17
5.8 Governmental Authorizations; Compliance with Laws...... 17
5.9 Contracts.............................................. 17
ARTICLE VI. SURVIVAL OF REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES.......... 17
ARTICLE VII. COVENANTS OF GBT AND SHAREHOLDER................... 18
7.1 Access and Investigation............................... 18
7.2 Operation of Business.................................. 18
7.3 Final Tax Returns...................................... 18
7.4 Federal Income Tax Reporting........................... 18
7.5 No Negotiation......................................... 18
ARTICLE VIII. COVENANTS OF XOOM................................. 19
8.1 Tax Free Reorganization................................ 19
ARTICLE IX. CLOSING CONDITIONS OF XOOM AND THE COMPANY.......... 19
9.1 Accuracy of Representations and Warranties............. 19
9.2 Consulting Agreement................................... 20
9.3 Technical Inspection................................... 20
9.4 Agreement with RSI..................................... 20
9.5 Assignment of Trademark Rights......................... 20
ARTICLE X. CLOSING CONDITIONS OF THE SHAREHOLDERS AND GBT....... 20
ARTICLE XI. FURTHER ASSURANCES.................................. 20
ARTICLE XII. INDEMNIFICATION.................................... 21
12.1 Indemnification by the Shareholder..................... 21
12.2 Indemnification by the Company and XOOM................ 21
12.3 Notification of Claims................................. 21
12.4 Resolution of Claims................................... 22
12.5 Arbitration............................................ 22
12.6 Indemnification Threshold.............................. 23
ARTICLE XIII. RESTRICTIONS ON XOOM COMMON SHARES................ 23
13.1 Right of First Refusal/Transfer Restrictions........... 23
13.2 Lock-Up Agreement...................................... 25
ARTICLE XIV. MISCELLANEOUS...................................... 26
14.1 Expenses............................................... 26
14.2 Setoff................................................. 26
14.3 Entire Agreement....................................... 26
14.4 Press Releases and Public Announcements................ 26
14.5 Counterparts........................................... 26
14.6 Descriptive Headings................................... 27
14.7 Notices................................................ 27
14.8 Choice of Law.......................................... 27
14.9 Binding Effect; Benefits............................... 27
14.10 Assignability.......................................... 27
14.11 Waiver and Amendment................................... 28
14.12 Attorneys' Fees........................................ 28
AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER
THIS AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER (this "Agreement") dated as of June 11,
1998 is entered into by and among XOOM, Inc., a Delaware corporation ("XOOM"),
XOOM GBT Merger Corp., a California corporation (the "Company"), Global Bridges
Technologies, Inc., a California corporation ("GBT"), and Robert Kohler, the
sole shareholder of GBT (the "Shareholder).
A. The respective Boards of Directors of each of the Company, XOOM and
GBT believe it is in the best interests of their respective companies and
shareholders that the Company and GBT combine into a single company through the
statutory merger of GBT with and into the Company, with the Company as the
surviving corporation (the "Merger"), and, in furtherance thereof, have approved
B. Pursuant to the Merger, among other things, the outstanding shares of
common stock of GBT shall be exchanged for the Merger Consideration (as defined
in Section 2.3).
C. The parties to the Agreement intend that the Merger qualify as a
"reorganization," within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), and that GBT, the Company and XOOM will
each be a "party to a reorganization," within the meaning of Section 368(b) of
the Code, with respect to the Merger.
In consideration of the agreements, provisions and covenants set forth
below, GBT and the Shareholder, and the Company and XOOM hereby agree as
1.1 THE MERGER.
Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, on the Effective
Date (as defined below), GBT shall be merged with and into the Company, and the
Company shall be the surviving corporation (the "Surviving Corporation") in such
merger, and the separate existence of GBT shall thereupon cease. The Merger
shall have the effects set forth in the General Corporation Law of the State of
California. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, on the Effective
Date, all of the property, rights, privileges, powers and franchises of the
Company and GBT, including, but not limited to, GBT's exclusive license to the
web-based e-mail software system known as Sitemail ("Sitemail") and any license
agreements relating to Sitemail, shall vest in the Surviving Corporation.
1.2 THE EFFECTIVE DATE.
The Merger shall become effective when a properly executed Agreement of
Merger and such other documents as may be required are duly filed with the
Secretary of State of the State of California, which filings shall be made as
soon as practicable after the Closing, or at such other time as the parties may
agree and may provide in the Agreement of Merger and such other documents (the
1.3 THE SURVIVING CORPORATION.
The Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws of the Company shall be the
Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws of the Surviving Corporation, each until
duly amended. The directors and officers of the Company on the Effective Date
shall be the directors and officers of the Surviving Corporation and shall hold
office from the Effective Date until their respective successors are duly
elected or appointed and qualified or until their earlier death, resignation or
removal in accordance with the Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws of the
Surviving Corporation, or as otherwise provided by law.
The closing of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (the
"Closing") shall take place at 1:00 p.m. local time, at the offices of Morrison
& Foerster llp, 425 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-2482, on June
11, 1998, or at such other time, date and place as the parties may mutually
agree (the "Closing Date"), provided that all of the conditions precedent to
closing set forth herein have been met..
CONVERSION OF SHARES
2.1 CONVERSION OF SHARES.
By virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of GBT, the
Company or the Shareholders, on the Effective Date, each common share of GBT
that is issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Date shall be
converted into the right to receive 0.27514 common shares of XOOM and the
additional Merger Consideration described in Section 2.3.
2.2 TAX WITHHOLDING.
The right of the Shareholder to receive any cash payment as part of the
Merger Consideration, as provided herein, shall be subject to and reduced by the
amount of any required tax withholding obligation. To the extent that the
Company or XOOM withholds taxes from payments to the Shareholder, it shall
provide the Shareholder with documentary evidence of any amounts so withheld and
information as to the basis therefor.
2.3 THE MERGER CONSIDERATION.
The Shareholder shall be entitled to receive the following consideration
for his shares of GBT (in the aggregate, the "Merger Consideration"):
(a) Shares. On the Effective Date, provided the Shareholder has delivered
to XOOM all of the certificates evidencing his shares of GBT, together with a
stock power executed in blank, the Shareholder shall receive a certificate
evidencing the aggregate number of common shares of XOOM ("XOOM Stock") rounded
to the nearest whole number, to which the Shareholder is entitled pursuant to
(b) Cash Payment. The Shareholder shall receive a promissory note in
substantially the form of Exhibit A hereto in the original principal amount of
$62,500, payable in twenty-five (25) equal and consecutive monthly payments of
$2,500 each, with simple interest payable at the per annum rate of five percent
(c) Earnout. During the twenty-four months beginning with the first full
month after the Closing, an amount equal to five percent (5%) of the gross
revenues (less sales commissions, cost of goods, royalties paid to third
parties, credits, returns and applicable taxes) (not including taxes based on
XOOM's income)) from electronic commerce, banner advertising and bounty
generated and actually received from web-based e-mail subscribers ordering
services or merchandise through Best/Hway Earthlink and/or Netcom (the "GBT
2.4 PRICE PROTECTION.
If, from the date of the Closing until the date on which Xoom has (i)
completed an initial public offering ("IPO") of its securities (ii) XOOM obtains
additional equity financing (iii) XOOM enters into an agreement for the sale,
lease or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of XOOM,
(iv) there is a sale by shareholders of XOOM, in a single transaction or a
series of related transactions, of more than fifty percent (50%) of the
outstanding voting stock of XOOM ("XOOM Stock"), or (v) XOOM effects a merger
with or into another entity where it is not the survivor (other than a merger
solely for the purpose of changing the state of incorporation or effecting a
recapitalization of XOOM), or a consolidation or other reorganization, and
shareholders of XOOM prior to such event own less than 50% of the outstanding
voting securities of the survivor, (any of subsections (i), (ii) (iii), (iv) or
(v), a "Transaction"), and the valuation of XOOM for purposes of any such
Transaction is less than $25 million, the Shareholder shall be entitled to
receive an additional number of shares of XOOM Stock calculated as (A) (i)
$610,804 divided by (ii) the per share valuation of XOOM's common shares in the
Transaction or IPO, minus (B) the aggregate number of shares of XOOM Stock
issued to the Shareholder under this Agreement other than pursuant to this
Section 2.3(d), together with cash for any fractional shares; provided, however,
that Shareholder may elect to receive, instead of additional Xoom Stock, an
identical number of options to purchase such additional XOOM Stock with an
exercise price equal to fair market value as of day of the closing of a
Transaction. For any Transaction, such additional Xoom Stock (or options) shall
be deemed issued to the Shareholder immediately prior to the closing thereof.
XOOM's obligations under
this Section 2.3 shall terminate upon the completion of an IPO or a Transaction,
other than a Transaction pursuant to subsection (ii).
2.5 RECORDS REGARDING SITEMAIL REVENUES.
XOOM shall maintain, until three (3) years after the Effective Date, all
such books, records and accounts as necessary to permit computation of and
accounting for amounts payable under Section 2.3 for the twenty-four month
period in which Shareholder is entitled to a percentage of GBT Sitemail
Revenues. Shareholder, or its agent, shall have the right, during such three
year period, to audit and examine such books, records and accounts during
XOOM's normal business hours no more than once per year upon no less than thirty
(30) days' written notice to verify the accuracy of the reports and payments
made to Shareholder hereunder. If a discrepancy is found in favor of XOOM which
exceeds five percent (5%) of the payment actually due to Shareholder under
Section 2.3(c), Shareholder shall be reimbursed for its reasonable expenses
associated with the audit.
2.6 REPAYMENT OF CERTAIN DEBT OBLIGATIONS.
At the Closing, Shareholder shall receive a check in the amount of $12,500
in repayment of debt obligations of GBT owed to Shareholder.
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF GBT
Except as set forth in the Disclosure Schedule attached hereto provided by
GBT (the "GBT Disclosure Schedule"), the parts of which are numbered to
correspond to the section numbers of this Agreement, GBT hereby represents and
warrants to the Company and XOOM as of the date hereof and as of the Closing
Date, as follows:
3.1 REQUISITE CONSENTS; NONVIOLATION.
The execution and delivery of this Agreement by GBT and the Shareholder and
the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement will not (a)
to GBT's knowledge, and except as set forth in this Agreement, require the
consent, approval or authorization of any governmental person or entity (except
such approvals or filings as may be required to comply with applicable state
securities laws), (b) violate or conflict with the provisions of the Articles of
Incorporation or Bylaws of GBT, or (c) constitute a default under, violate or
conflict with any material contract, note, lease or mortgage to which GBT or the
Shareholder is a party or by which GBT or the Shareholder is bound or to which
GBT or any of its properties or the Shareholder or any of his properties is
3.2 DUE ORGANIZATION OF GBT; AUTHORIZATIONS.
GBT (a) has been duly organized and is validly existing and in good
standing as a corporation under the laws of the State of California, (b) is duly
qualified to do business in and is
in good standing under the laws of every jurisdiction where it is required to be
so qualified, except where the failure to be so qualified will not adversely
affect its business, financial condition or results of operations and (c) has
all requisite corporate power and authority to own or lease and to operate its
properties and carry on its business.
The authorized capital stock of GBT consists of 20,000,000 shares of stock,
of which 10,000,000 are designated as common stock and 10,000,000 are designated
as preferred stock. 1,000,000 shares of common stock are issued and outstanding.
All of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock have been duly
authorized and validly issued and are fully paid and nonassessable. Other than
the common stock, GBT does not have outstanding any other voting or equity
securities or interests. Except as set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule,
GBT has no outstanding obligations, understandings or commitments regarding the
issuance of any additional shares of its stock, voting or equity securities or
interests or other securities, or any options, rights, warrants or securities
exercisable for or convertible into such shares, securities or interests. There
are no preemptive rights or rights of first refusal in respect of the common
shares of GBT.
3.4 AUTHORITY; BINDING NATURE OF AGREEMENTS.
GBT has the power and authority to enter into and to perform its
obligations under this Agreement, and the execution, delivery and performance by
GBT of this Agreement have been duly authorized by all necessary action on the
part of GBT and its shareholder, Board of Directors and officers. This
Agreement constitutes the legal, valid and binding obligation of GBT enforceable
against GBT in accordance with its terms, except as rights to indemnity may be
limited by applicable laws and except as enforcement may be limited by
applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, arrangement, moratorium or
other similar laws affecting creditor's rights, and subject to general equity
principles and to limitations on availability of equitable relief, including
3.5 SUBSIDIARIES ETC.
GBT does not own or control any equity interest in any corporation,
partnership, joint venture or other legal entity.
3.6 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
(a) GBT has delivered to the Company the following financial statements and
notes (collectively, the "Financial Statements"), which are attached to Part
3.6(a) of the GBT Disclosure Schedule:
(i) the unaudited balance sheets of GBT as of December 31, 1996 and
December 31, 1997, and the related unaudited statements of operations,
changes in shareholder's equity and cash flows of GBT for the fiscal years
ended December 31, 1996 and December 31, 1997, together with the notes
(ii) the unaudited balance sheet of GBT as of April 30, 1998 (the
"Unaudited Interim Balance Sheet"), and the related unaudited statements of
operations, changes in shareholder's equity and cash flows of GBT, together
with the notes thereto.
(b) All of the Financial Statements are accurate and complete in all
material respects, and the dollar amount of each line item included in the
Financial Statements is accurate in all material respects. The Financial
Statements are in accordance with the books and records of GBT and present
fairly the financial position of GBT as of the respective dates thereof and the
results of operations, changes in shareholder's equity and cash flows of GBT for
the periods covered thereby.
(c) Except as set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, GBT has no
liabilities except those reflected or reserved against in the Unaudited Interim
Balance Sheet and current liabilities incurred by GBT in the ordinary course of
business since the date of the Unaudited Interim Balance Sheet.
3.7 NO MATERIAL CHANGES.
Except as otherwise set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, since April
30, 1998 there has not been (a) any damage, destruction or loss (whether or not
covered by insurance) materially and adversely affecting the business, financial
condition or results of operations of GBT; (b) any labor dispute materially and
adversely affecting the business, financial condition or results of operations
of GBT; (c) any disposition of any capital asset of GBT having a net book value
in excess of $5,000; (d) any discharge or satisfaction of any obligation or
liability of GBT other than in the ordinary course of business; or (e) any
material adverse change in the business, financial condition or results of
operations of GBT.
3.8 UNDISCLOSED LIABILITIES.
GBT has no liabilities or obligations (whether absolute, contingent or
otherwise) that are material to GBT, except for (a) those reflected, reserved
against or otherwise disclosed in the Financial Statements and not heretofore
paid or discharged, (b) those disclosed in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, or (c)
those incurred in, or as a result of, the ordinary course of business of GBT
since the date of the Unaudited Interim Balance Sheet.
3.9 GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORIZATIONS; COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS.
GBT has, to its knowledge, all material governmental licenses, permits,
approvals and other governmental authorizations necessary to permit the
operation of the business of GBT, as presently conducted. GBT is in compliance
with all applicable laws, regulations, orders, judgments and decrees, except
where the failure to be in such compliance would not have a material adverse
effect on the business, financial condition or results of operations of GBT.
Except as set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, there is no pending or,
to GBT's knowledge, threatened action, suit, arbitration proceeding or
investigation in any court or before any governmental commission or agency
against GBT which would have a material adverse effect upon the business,
financial condition or results of operations of GBT. There is no order,
judgment or decree of any court or governmental authority or agency which
specifically applies to GBT which would have a material adverse effect on the
business, financial condition or results of operations of GBT.
3.11 EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS.
As used herein, the term "Employee Benefit Plan" means an "employee pension
benefit plan" as defined in Section 3(2)(A) of the Employee Retirement Income
Security Act of 1974, as amended ("ERISA"), and an "employee welfare benefit
plan" as defined in Section 3(l) of ERISA. GBT, which for purposes hereof shall
include any of its subsidiaries or any organization which, together with GBT
and/or any such subsidiary, would be treated as a "single employer" within the
meaning of Section 414(b) or (c) of the Code, does not maintain or contribute to
(or have any obligation to contribute to) any Employee Benefit Plan.
3.12 PATENT, TRADEMARK AND RELATED MATTERS.
All of the material patents, registered trademarks, service marks and trade
names owned by GBT and all material license agreements in which GBT is the
licensee, at the date of this Agreement, are listed in the GBT Disclosure
Schedule. Except to the extent, if any, set forth in the GBT Disclosure
Schedule, such patents, trademarks, service marks, trade names and licenses
(collectively, the "Intellectual Property") are, to the Company's knowledge,
valid and in full force and are adequate to permit GBT to conduct its business
as presently conducted, except to the extent that such failure to be valid and
in full force would not have a material adverse effect on the business,
financial condition or results of operations of GBT. GBT has received no
written notice of any event, inquiry or investigation threatening the validity
of the Intellectual Property.
3.13 REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY.
The GBT Disclosure Schedule contains a list of all real and personal
property owned or leased by GBT as of the date hereof having, in the case of
leased property, an annual lease obligation in excess of $5,000 or, in the case
of owned property, a book value in excess of $5,000. All such property is owned
in fee or held under valid leases. There is not under any of such leases any
existing material default on the part of GBT nor any facts that would, with the
passage of time or giving of notice, constitute such a material default.
The GBT Disclosure Schedule lists all material insurance policies in force
with respect to GBT, its employees, officers and directors.
(a) Definitions. For purposes of this Agreement, the following definitions
(i) "Tax" or "Taxes" shall mean all taxes, however denominated,
including any interest, penalties or other additions to tax that may become
payable in respect thereof, imposed by any federal, territorial, state,
local or foreign government or any agency or political subdivision of any
such government, which taxes shall include, without limiting the generality
of the foregoing, all income or profits taxes (including, but not limited
to, federal income taxes and state income taxes), payroll and employee
withholding taxes, unemployment insurance, social security taxes, sales and
use taxes, ad valorem taxes, excise taxes, franchise taxes, gross receipts
taxes, business license taxes, occupation taxes, real and personal property
taxes, stamp taxes, environmental taxes, transfer taxes, workers'
compensation, Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation premiums and other
governmental charges, and other obligations of the same or of a similar
nature to any of the foregoing, which GBT is required to pay, withhold or
(ii) "Tax Returns" shall mean all reports, estimates, declarations of
estimated tax, information statements and returns relating to, or required
to be filed in connection with, any Taxes, including information returns or
reports with respect to backup withholding and other payments to third
(b) Tax Returns Filed and Taxes Paid. All Tax Returns required to be filed
by or on behalf of GBT have been duly filed on a timely basis and such Tax
Returns are true, complete and correct. All Taxes shown to be payable on the
Tax Returns or on subsequent assessments with respect thereto have been paid in
full on a timely basis, and no other Taxes are payable by GBT with respect to
items or periods covered by such Returns (whether or not shown on or reportable
on such Tax Returns). GBT has withheld and paid over all Taxes required to have
been withheld and paid over, and complied with all information reporting and
backup withholding requirements, including maintenance of required records with
respect thereto, in connection with amounts paid or owing to any employee,
creditor, independent contractor, or other third party. There are no liens on
any of the assets of GBT with respect to Taxes, other than liens for Taxes not
yet due and payable or for Taxes that GBT is contesting in good faith through
appropriate proceedings and for which appropriate reserves have been
(c) Tax Returns Furnished. For all periods ending on and after December 31,
beginning with the year in which GBT was formed, GBT has made available to the
Company true and complete copies of (i) relevant portions of income tax audit
reports, statements of deficiencies, and closing or other agreements received by
GBT or on behalf of GBT relating to Taxes, and (ii) all separate federal and
state income or franchise tax returns for GBT.
(d) Tax Reserves. The amount of GBT's liability for unpaid Taxes for all
periods covered by the Financial Statements does not, in the aggregate, exceed
the amount of the current liability accruals for Taxes (excluding reserves for
deferred Taxes) as such accruals are reflected
in the Financial Statements, and the amount of GBT's liability for unpaid Taxes
for all periods ending on or before the Closing Date shall not, in the
aggregate, exceed such accruals.
(e) Tax Deficiencies; Audits; Statutes of Limitations. To GBT's knowledge,
except as set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, no deficiencies have been
asserted with respect to Taxes of GBT. GBT is not a party to any action or
proceeding for assessment or collection of Taxes, nor has such event been
asserted or threatened against GBT or any of its assets. No waiver or extension
of any statute of limitations is in effect with respect to Taxes or Tax Returns
of GBT. Except as set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, the Tax Returns of
GBT have never been audited by a government or taxing authority, nor is any such
audit in process, pending or threatened. GBT has disclosed on its federal
income tax returns all positions taken therein that could give rise to a
substantial understatement penalty within the meaning of Section 6662 of the
(f) No Consolidated Group. GBT has not been included in any "consolidated,"
"unitary" or "combined" group Tax Return provided for under the law of the
United States, any foreign jurisdiction or any state or locality with respect to
Taxes for any taxable period for which the statute of limitations has not
(g) No Tax Sharing. There are no tax sharing, allocation, indemnification
or similar agreements or arrangements in effect as between GBT or any
predecessor or affiliate thereof and any other party (including Shareholder and
any predecessor or affiliate thereof) under which the Company or GBT could be
liable for any Taxes of any party.
(h) Tax Elections and Special Tax Status. GBT is not nor has it been a
United States real property holding corporation within the meaning of Section
897(c)(2) of the Code during the applicable period specified in Section
897(c)(1)(A)(ii) of the Code, and XOOM is not required to withhold tax on the
acquisition of GBT's common stock pursuant to Section 1445 of the Code. GBT is
not a "consenting corporation" under Section 341(f) of the Code. GBT has not
entered into any compensatory agreements with respect to the performance of
services under which payment would result in a nondeductible expense to the
group pursuant to Section 280G of the Code or an excise tax to the recipient of
such payment pursuant to Section 4999 of the Code. GBT has not participated in
an international boycott as defined in Code Section 999. GBT has not agreed to,
nor is it required to make, any adjustment under Section 481(a) of the Code by
reason of a change in accounting method or otherwise. GBT has no permanent
establishment in any foreign country, as defined in any applicable tax treaty or
convention between the United States of America and such foreign country, and
GBT is not a party to any joint venture, partnership, or other agreement,
contract, or arrangement (either in writing or verbally, formally or informally)
which could be treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. GBT is
not an "S corporation," within the meaning of Section 1361(a) of the Code.
(i) Residency Matters. All of GBT's shareholders are, and at all times
since GBT's formation have been, United States persons, within the meaning of
Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code ("U.S. Persons"), and GBT does not own nor has
it ever owned any interests in any entities that are not U.S. Persons.
(j) Tax Basis and Tax Attributes. GBT has no net operating losses or other
tax attributes presently subject to limitation under Section 382, 383, or 384 of
3.16 ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS.
(a) Definitions. For purposes of this Agreement, the following definitions
(i) "Hazardous Materials" shall mean any hazardous substance, pollutant,
contaminant, flammable explosives, radioactive materials and hazardous,
toxic or dangerous wastes and any other chemicals, materials or substances
which are identified, defined or regulated pursuant to any Hazardous
Materials Laws, or the release, discharge or exposure to which is
prohibited, limited or regulated by any federal, state or local government
under Hazardous Materials Laws and any petroleum, waste oil and petroleum
by-products, asbestos in any form, urea formaldehyde, and transformers or
other equipment that contain levels of polychlorinated biphenyls.
(ii) "Hazardous Materials Laws" shall mean any federal, state or local
statute, law, rule, regulation, ordinance, code, binding policy or rule of
common law in effect and in each case as amended as of the Closing Date,
and any judicial or administrative interpretation thereof as of the Closing
Date, including any judicial or administrative order, consent decree or
judgment, relating to the protection of the environment, health or safety
from the release or disposal of Hazardous Materials, including without
limitation the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and
Liability Act of 1980, as amended, 42 U.S.C. (S) 9601 et seq.; the Resource
Conservation and Recovery Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. (S) 9601 et seq.; the
Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. (S) 1251 et
seq.; the Toxic Substances Control Act, 15 U.S.C. (S) 2601 et seq.; the
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Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. (S) 7401 et seq.; the Safe Drinking Water Act, 42
U.S.C. (S) 300f et seq.; the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, 33 U.S.C. (S) 2701
et seq.; and their state and local counterparts and equivalents.
(iii) "Environmental Claims" shall mean any and all administrative,
regulatory or judicial actions, suits, demands, demand letters, claims,
liens, notice of noncompliance or violation, investigations or proceedings
relating to any Hazardous Materials Law or any permit issued under any such
Law (hereafter "Claims"), including without limitation (a) any and all
Claims by governmental or regulatory authorities for enforcement, cleanup,
removal, response, remedial or other actions or damages pursuant to any
applicable Hazardous Materials Law, and (b) any and all Claims by any third
party seeking damages, contribution, indemnification, cost recovery,
compensation or injunctive relief resulting from Hazardous Materials or
arising from alleged injury or threat of injury to health, safety or the
environment from release or disposal of Hazardous Materials.
(b) GBT is in compliance in all material respects with all Hazardous
Material Laws and all environmental permits required for the handling, use,
storage and disposition of
Hazardous Materials under Hazardous Materials Laws that are applicable to GBT's
operations as presently conducted.
(c) There are no pending or, to the knowledge of GBT, threatened
Environmental Claims against GBT or any property of GBT.
(d) There are no facts, circumstances, conditions or occurrences regarding
GBT, its operations or any property of GBT that could reasonably be anticipated
to form the basis of an Environmental Claim against GBT.
The GBT Disclosure Schedule contains a complete list of every material
contract of GBT which (i) is made with any officer, director or stockholder of
GBT, or with any affiliate or relative of any such officer, director or
stockholder, (ii) is a contract of employment, (iii) is made with any labor
union, or other labor organization, (iv) is a bank loan or other credit
agreement, (v) other than outstanding purchase orders, requires, individually,
annual payments of more than $10,000 or aggregate payments over the life of the
contract of more than $50,000, (vi) is for a remaining term of more than one
year and is not cancelable as to all its provisions upon 60 days' or less notice
without payment of any material penalty, or (vii) is entered into other than in
the ordinary course of business. GBT has made or will promptly make available
to the Company upon request true copies of each contract so listed. GBT and
each of the other parties to the contracts set forth in the GBT Disclosure
Schedule have in all material respects performed all material obligations
required to be performed by them under such contracts, and no event has occurred
which would give any other party to any such contract the right to terminate or
otherwise fail to perform its obligations under the contract.
3.18 ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE.
Except to the extent set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, the accounts
receivable of GBT reflected in the Unaudited Interim Balance Sheet represent
sales actually made in the ordinary course of business, and have been properly
reported, net of any reserves shown on the books of GBT, all in accordance with
the past practices of GBT, consistently applied.
3.19 CUSTOMERS AND SUPPLIERS.
Part 3.19(a) of the GBT Disclosure Schedule lists all customers of GBT in
the most recent full fiscal year. Except as disclosed in the GBT Disclosure
Schedule, since April 30, 1998, there has been no material adverse change in the
business relationship of GBT with any such customer.
3.20 BANK ACCOUNTS.
The GBT Disclosure Schedule sets forth the names and locations of all
banks, trust companies, brokerage firms or other financial institutions at which
GBT maintains an account and the name of each person authorized to draw thereon
or make withdrawals therefrom.
3.21 TITLE TO PROPERTIES; ENCUMBRANCES.
Except as set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, GBT has good title to
the material properties and assets (real and personal, tangible and intangible)
owned by it (and good leasehold title to the material properties and assets
leased by it), including, without limitation, the material properties and assets
reflected in the Financial Statements, subject to no encumbrance, lien, charge
or other restriction of any kind or character ("Encumbrances"), except for (i)
Encumbrances reflected in the Unaudited Interim Balance Sheet, (ii) Encumbrances
for current taxes, assessments or governmental charges or levies on property not
yet due and delinquent, (iii) Encumbrances arising by operation of law, (iv)
easements, rights-of-way, restrictions and other similar Encumbrances previously
incurred in the ordinary course of business which, in respect of properties or
assets of GBT, are not material and which, in the case of such Encumbrances on
the assets or properties of GBT, would not reasonably be expected to materially
detract from the value of any such properties or assets or materially interfere
with any present use of such properties or assets, and (v) Encumbrances in
existence on the Closing Date and described in the GBT Disclosure Schedule.
3.22 COMPENSATION OF EMPLOYEES.
As of the Closing Date, GBT shall have no employees. GBT has provided the
Company with an accurate and complete list for fiscal year 1997 and the period
thereafter prior to the Closing showing (i) the names of all persons employed by
GBT and the aggregate amount of cash compensation paid to them during such
periods (including, without limitation, salary, commission and bonus).
3.23 TAX STATUS OF REORGANIZATION.
(a) The liabilities of GBT, if any, to be assumed by the Company in the
Merger and the liabilities to which the transferred assets of GBT are subject,
if any, were or will be incurred by GBT in the ordinary course of business.
(b) GBT and the Shareholder will each pay their own expenses incurred in
connection with the Merger, provided, further, that all expenses of GBT with
respect to the Merger shall have been paid in full prior to the Closing, or to
the extent not paid, shall have been assumed personally by the Shareholder.
(c) There is no intercorporate indebtedness existing between the Company and
GBT that was issued, was acquired, or will be settled at a discount.
(d) The fair market value of the assets of GBT to be transferred to the
Company in the Merger will equal or exceed the sum of GBT's liabilities assumed
by the Company plus the amount of GBT's liabilities, if any, to which the
transferred assets are subject
(e) GBT is not under the jurisdiction of a court in a "title 11 or similar
case," within the meaning of Section 368(a)(3)(A) of the Code.
(f) The Company will acquire at least 90% of the fair market value of the
net assets and at least 70% of the fair market value of the gross assets held by
GBT immediately prior to the Merger. For purposes of this representation,
amounts used by GBT to pay its expenses and any distributions and redemptions in
connection with the merger will be included in the assets of GBT held
immediately prior to the Merger.
(g) GBT is not an "investment company," within the meaning of Section
368(a)(2)(F)(iii) or 368(a)(2)(F)(iv) of the Code.
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SHAREHOLDER
Except as set forth in the GBT Disclosure Schedule, the Shareholder hereby
represents and warrants to the Company and XOOM as of the date hereof and as of
the Closing Date as follows:
4.1 TITLE TO COMMON SHARES.
The Shareholder represents and warrants to the Company and XOOM that he is
the record and beneficial owner of the common stock being conveyed to the
Company, and the Shareholder holds title to the common stock free and clear of
all liens, charges, encumbrances, security interests, restrictive agreements or
Shareholder has the legal capacity to enter into and to perform his
obligations under this Agreement, and this Agreement constitutes the legal,
valid and binding obligation of Shareholder, enforceable against Shareholder in
accordance with its terms, except as rights to indemnity may be limited by
applicable laws and except as enforcement may be limited by applicable
bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, arrangement, moratorium or other similar
laws affecting creditor's rights, and subject to general equity principles and
to limitations on availability of equitable relief, including specific
4.3 CONFIRMATION OF GBT'S REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES.
Shareholder represents and warrants that, except as set forth in the GBT
Disclosure Schedule, the representations and warranties of GBT in Article III
are true and correct as of the date hereof and as of the Closing Date. For
purposes of Articles III, IV, and V, a party shall be deemed to have knowledge
of a particular fact or other matter if (i) the party is actually aware of such
fact or other matter or (ii) a reasonably prudent individual could be expected
to discover or otherwise become aware of such fact or other matter in the course
of conducting a reasonable investigation concerning the truth or existence of
such fact or other matter.
4.4 PURCHASE ENTIRELY FOR OWN ACCOUNT.
This Agreement is made with Shareholder in reliance upon Shareholder's
representation, which by Shareholder's execution of this Agreement Shareholder
hereby confirms, that the XOOM Stock to be received by Shareholder will be
acquired for investment for Shareholder's own account, not as a nominee or
agent, and not with a view to the resale or distribution of any part thereof,
and that Shareholder has no present intention of selling, granting any
participation in, or otherwise distributing the same. By executing this
Agreement, Shareholder further represents that he does not have any contract,
undertaking, agreement or arrangement with any person to sell, transfer or grant
participations to such person or to any third person, with respect to any of the
4.5 DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION.
Shareholder believes he has received all the information he considers
necessary or appropriate for deciding whether to exchange his shares of GBT for
XOOM Stock. Shareholder further represents that he has had an opportunity to
ask questions and receive answers from XOOM regarding the terms and conditions
of the offering of the XOOM Stock and the business, properties, prospects and
financial conditions of XOOM. Shareholder has arrived at an independent view
concerning the value of XOOM, recognizes that the issuance to him of the XOOM
Stock in the Merger is occurring in an arm's length transaction and is not
relying upon any statements by XOOM or the Company as to the value of XOOM other
than as expressly made by XOOM in the representations and warranties herein.
4.6 RELEASE BY SHAREHOLDER.
Shareholder hereby releases XOOM, the Company, and Revolutionary Software,
Inc. from any and all claims of any nature, including but not limited to, claims
for commissions and finder's or broker's fees with respect to Shareholder's and
GBT's activities in connection with Sitemail.
4.7 RELEASE BY SHAREHOLDER.
Shareholder has assumed all liabilities related to assets assigned by GBT
to Shareholder pursuant to that Assignment dated May 11, 1998 from GBT to
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY AND XOOM
The Company and XOOM hereby represent and warrant to GBT and the
Shareholder that as of the date hereof and as of the Closing, except as
disclosed in the Disclosure Schedule provided by XOOM and attached hereto, (the
"XOOM Disclosure Schedule):
5.1 DUE INCORPORATION; REQUISITE POWER AND AUTHORITY.
The Company is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good
standing as a corporation under the laws of California, and XOOM is a
corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing as a
corporation under the laws of the State of Delaware. The Company and XOOM have
all requisite power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and to
perform all transactions contemplated by this Agreement. The execution and
delivery of this Agreement by the Company and XOOM and the consummation of the
transactions contemplated by this Agreement have been duly authorized and
approved by all necessary corporate and shareholder action, and this Agreement
constitutes the valid and binding obligation of the Company and XOOM enforceable
in accordance with its terms.
5.2 DUE ORGANIZATION OF XOOM AND THE COMPANY.
XOOM and the Company (a) have been duly organized and are validly existing
and in good standing in their respective states of incorporation, (b) are duly
qualified to do business in and are in good standing under the laws of every
jurisdiction where they are required to be so qualified, except where the
failure to be so qualified will not materially adversely affect their business,
financial condition or results of operations, and (c) have all requisite
corporate power and authority to own or lease and to operate their properties
and carry on their business.
5.3 REQUISITE CONSENTS; NONVIOLATION.
The execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Company and XOOM do
not, and the performance of this Agreement by the Company and XOOM will not, (a)
violate or conflict with (i) the provisions of the Articles of Incorporation
(and with respect to XOOM, its Certificate of Incorporation) or Bylaws of the
Company and XOOM, (ii) any applicable law, rule or regulation or (iii) any
order, writ, injunction or decree by which the Company or XOOM is bound; (b)
except as set forth in this Agreement, require the consent, license, permit,
approval, authorization or other action by or with respect to any governmental
person or entity (except such approvals, permits or filings as may be required
to comply with applicable state securities laws), or (c) constitute a default
under, violate or conflict with any material contract, note, lease or mortgage
to which XOOM or the Company is a party.
5.4 XOOM STOCK.
The XOOM Stock to be issued to Shareholder pursuant to the Merger, when
issued in connection with this Agreement, will be duly authorized, validly
issued, fully paid and
nonassessable. Based on the truth and accuracy of the Shareholder's
representations set forth in Article IV of this Agreement, such XOOM Stock will
be exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933 and
will have been registered or qualified (or is exempt) under all applicable state
(a) The authorized capital stock of XOOM consists of twenty million
(20,000,000) shares of common stock, $.0001 par value per share, of which, as of
April 17, 1998, nine million, nine hundred fifty thousand, four hundred one
(9,950,401) shares have been issued and are outstanding, and one million
(1,000,000) shares of preferred stock, none of which has been issued or is
outstanding. Other than its common stock, XOOM does not have outstanding any
other voting or equity securities or interests. Except as set forth in the XOOM
Disclosure Schedule, as of April 17, 1998, XOOM has no outstanding obligations,
understandings or commitments regarding the issuance of any additional shares of
its stock, voting or equity securities or interests or other securities, or any
options, rights, warrants or securities exercisable for or convertible into such
shares, securities or interests. There are no preemptive rights in respect of
the common shares of XOOM. All issued and outstanding shares of XOOM's capital
stock have been duly authorized and validly issued and are fully paid and
(b) The authorized capital stock of the Company consists of ten thousand
(10,000) shares of common stock, no par value. All issued and outstanding shares
of the Company's capital stock have been duly authorized and validly issued, are
fully paid and nonassessable, and are owned by XOOM.
5.6 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
(a) Attached hereto as Part 5.6(a) of the XOOM Disclosure Schedule are the
following financial statements and notes (collectively, the "Financial
Statements") pertaining to XOOM:
(i) the unaudited balance sheets of XOOM as of December 31, 1996 and
December 31, 1997, and the related unaudited statements of operations,
changes in shareholder's equity and cash flows of XOOM for the fiscal years
ended December 31, 1996 and December 31, 1997, together with the notes
(ii) the unaudited balance sheet of XOOM as of April 30, 1998 (the
"April 30, Balance Sheet"), and the related unaudited statements of
operations, changes in shareholder's equity and cash flows of XOOM,
together with the notes thereto.
(b) All of the Financial Statements are accurate and complete in all
material respects, and the dollar amount of each line item included in the
Financial Statements is accurate in all material respects. The financial
statements and notes referred to in Section 5.6(a) are in accordance with the
books and records of XOOM and present fairly the financial position of XOOM as
of the respective dates thereof and the results of operations, changes in
shareholders' equity and cash flows of XOOM for the periods covered thereby.
(c) Except as set forth in the XOOM Disclosure Schedule, XOOM has no
liabilities except those reflected or reserved against in the April 30 Balance
Sheet and current liabilities incurred by XOOM in the ordinary course of
business since the date of the April 30 Balance Sheet.
Except as set forth in the XOOM Disclosure Schedule, there is no pending or
threatened action, suit, arbitration proceeding or investigation in any court or
before any governmental commission or agency against XOOM, which would have a
material adverse effect upon the business, financial condition or results of
operations of XOOM. There is no order, judgment or decree of any court or
governmental authority or agency which specifically applies to XOOM which would
have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition or results
of operations of XOOM.
5.8 GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORIZATIONS; COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS.
XOOM has, to its knowledge, all material governmental licenses, permits,
approvals and other governmental authorizations necessary to permit the
operation of the business of XOOM, as presently conducted. XOOM is in
compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, orders, judgments and decrees,
except where the failure to be in such compliance would not have a material
adverse effect on the business, financial condition or results of operations of
The XOOM Disclosure Schedule contains a complete list of every material
contract of XOOM made between XOOM and any officer, director or stockholder of
XOOM or with any affiliate or relative of any such officer, director or
stockholder, other than employment agreements between any of the aforesaid and
SURVIVAL OF REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
The representations, warranties and indemnities included or provided for in
this Agreement or in any schedule or certificate or other document delivered
pursuant to this Agreement will survive the Closing Date for a period of twenty-
four months. No claim may be made by any party hereto under this article unless
written notice of the claim is given within that twenty-four month period;
provided, however, that the foregoing limitation period will not apply to any
breach of any representation, warranty or covenant which, on or before the
Closing Date, is known to be false by the party against whom the breach is
COVENANTS OF GBT AND SHAREHOLDER
7.1 ACCESS AND INVESTIGATION.
GBT shall ensure that, at all times after the date hereof and prior to the
Closing (the "Pre-Closing Period"), GBT shall provide XOOM and its
representatives with free and complete access to GBT's representatives,
personnel, premises and assets and to all existing books, records, Tax Returns,
work papers and other documents and information relating to GBT.
7.2 OPERATION OF BUSINESS.
GBT shall ensure that, during the Preclosing Period, solely with respect to
Sitemail, (a) GBT conducts its operations exclusively in the ordinary course of
business and in the same manner as such operations have been conducted prior to
the date of this Agreement; (b) GBT preserves intact its current business
organization, keeps available the services of its current officers and employees
and maintains its relations and goodwill with all suppliers, customers,
landlords, creditors, licensors, licensees, employees and other persons having
business relationships with GBT.
7.3 FINAL TAX RETURNS.
The Shareholder shall cause GBT's accountants to prepare and GBT to timely
file and pay amounts owed with respect to all Tax Returns of GBT not already
filed for GBT for all tax periods ended or ending on or before the Closing Date
and shall cause its accountants to prepare on a pro forma basis all other Tax
Returns for GBT for the interim period from December 31, 1997 until the Closing
("Final Returns"). The Shareholder shall send a copy of all Final Returns as to
which he is responsible to the Company for its review and comment and, if
required, appropriate execution, at least three (3) days prior to the filing
7.4 FEDERAL INCOME TAX REPORTING.
GBT and the Shareholder agree to report the Merger as a "reorganization,"
within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code.
7.5 NO NEGOTIATION.
GBT shall ensure that, during the Pre-Closing Period, neither GBT nor any
of its representatives directly or indirectly solicits or encourages the
initiation of any inquiry, proposal or offer from any person relating to any
acquisition of GBT or any of its assets or conducts any negotiations relating to
COVENANTS OF XOOM
8.1 TAX FREE REORGANIZATION.
(a) XOOM agrees to report the Merger as a reorganization within the meaning
of Section 368(a) of the Code, unless, in the opinion of counsel selected by the
Shareholder and satisfactory to XOOM, the Merger may not be so reported.
Without limiting the foregoing, XOOM agrees to use its reasonable efforts to
qualify the Merger as a reorganization, within the meaning of Section 368(a) of
(b) Prior to the Merger, XOOM will be in "control" of the Company within the
meaning of Section 368(c) of the Code.
(c) XOOM has no present plan or intention following the Merger to liquidate
the Company, merge the Company with and into another corporation, sell or
otherwise dispose of the capital stock of the Company or to cause the Company to
sell or otherwise dispose of any of GBT's assets acquired in the Merger, except
for transfers made in the ordinary course of business or transfers described in
Section 368(a)(2)(C) of the Code.
(d) XOOM shall not cause the Company (or a transferee of the Company's stock
or business to which the stock or assets of the Company are transferred in a
transaction described in Section 368(a)(2)(C) of the Code or other transferee
described in Treasury Regulation Section 1.368-1(d)(4)) to either discontinue
GBT's business, as conducted by GBT as of the Closing Date, or fail to use a
significant portion of GBT's assets, as held by GBT as of the Closing Date, in a
(e) Following the Merger, XOOM and GBT will comply with the record-keeping
and information filing requirements of Section 1.368-3 of the Treasury
CLOSING CONDITIONS OF XOOM AND THE COMPANY
XOOM and the Company's obligations to effect the Closing and consummate the
Merger are subject to the satisfaction of each of the following conditions:
9.1 ACCURACY OF REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES.
The representations and warranties of the Shareholder and GBT in this
Agreement shall have been materially true and correct as of the date of this
Agreement and shall be materially true and correct on and as of the Closing, and
the Shareholder and GBT shall have performed all obligations in this Agreement
required to be performed or observed by them on or prior to the Closing, except
to the extent such nonperformance would not have a material adverse effect on
GBT's assets or operations.
9.2 CONSULTING AGREEMENT.
Shareholder shall have executed and delivered a Consulting Agreement in
substantially the form of Exhibit B hereto, pursuant to which Shareholder is to
be hired by XOOM as a consultant under the terms set forth therein.
9.3 TECHNICAL INSPECTION.
XOOM's CTO shall have undertaken an on-site technical inspection and review
of GBT's operations and shall have delivered to GBT a notice in writing stating
that he is satisfied as to the viability of Sitemail.
9.4 AGREEMENT WITH RSI.
XOOM shall have entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase
Agreement") with Revolutionary Software, Inc. ("RSI"), a California corporation,
providing for XOOM's acquisition of all right, title and interest in and to
Sitemail owned by RSI at a closing to occur concurrently with the Closing
hereunder, and no impediment to the closing of the Purchase Agreement shall
exist and no event shall have occurred that, with notice or passage of time,
would prevent or impede closing of the transactions described in the Purchase
9.5 ASSIGNMENT OF TRADEMARK RIGHTS.
Shareholder shall have assigned to GBT all of his rights in that trademark
application pending with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office with respect to
the name and mark "Sitemail."
CLOSING CONDITIONS OF THE SHAREHOLDERS AND GBT
The Shareholder's and GBT's obligations to effect the Closing and
consummate the Merger are subject to (i) the representations and warranties of
the Company and XOOM in this Agreement being true and correct as of the Closing,
(ii) each of the Company and XOOM having performed all obligations in this
Agreement required to be performed or observed by it on or prior to the Closing,
and (iii) a closing shall have occurred under the Purchase Agreement before or
concurrently with the Closing.
Each of the parties hereto agrees that it will, from time to time after the
date of the Agreement, execute and deliver such other certificates, documents
and instruments and take such other action as may be reasonably requested by the
other party to carry out the actions and
transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the closing conditions
described in Articles IX and X.
12.1 INDEMNIFICATION BY THE SHAREHOLDER
In the event Shareholder (i) breaches or is deemed to have breached any of
the representations and warranties contained in Article IV herein, including the
incorporation by reference pursuant to Section 4.3 of the representations and
warranties of GBT in Article III or (ii) fails to perform or comply with any of
the covenants and agreements set forth in this Agreement, Shareholder shall hold
harmless, indemnify and defend the Company and XOOM, and each of their
directors, officers, shareholders, attorneys, representatives and agents, from
and against any Losses incurred or paid by the Company or XOOM to the extent
such Losses arise or result from a breach by GBT or the Shareholder of any such
representations or warranties or a violation of any covenant in this Agreement.
"Losses" shall mean all damages, awards, judgments, payments, diminutions in
value, all interest thereon, costs and expenses of investigating claims,
lawsuits or arbitration and any appeal from the foregoing and reasonable
attorneys' fees incurred in connection therewith. Notwithstanding anything to
the contrary in this Agreement, in no event shall Shareholder's liability under
this Agreement for indemnification or any other cause of action exceed the fair
market value of the Merger Consideration as of the Closing Date, regardless of
the form of action, whether in contract or tort, including negligence, except to
the extent of Losses directly attributable to a breach of any representation or
warranty of which the Shareholder had actual knowledge prior to the Closing, and
XOOM's remedies against Shareholder under this Agreement shall be limited to a
claims for monetary damages arising from a breach of this Agreement, including
without limitation, Losses resulting from any breach by GBT or the Shareholder
of the representations, warranties and covenants in this Agreement.
12.2 INDEMNIFICATION BY THE COMPANY AND XOOM
In the event the Company or XOOM (i) breaches or is deemed to have breached
any of the representations and warranties contained in Article V herein or (ii)
fails to perform or comply with any of the covenants and agreements set forth in
this Agreement, then the Company and XOOM shall hold harmless, indemnify and
defend the Shareholder from and against any Losses incurred or paid by the
Shareholder to the extent such Losses arise or result from a breach by the
Company or XOOM of any such representations and warranties or a violation of any
covenant in this Agreement.
12.3 NOTIFICATION OF CLAIMS
If any party (the "Indemnified Party") reasonably believes that it is
entitled to indemnification hereunder, or otherwise receives notice of the
assertion or commencement of any third-party claim, action, or proceeding (a
"Third-Party Claim"), with respect to which such other
party or parties (the "Indemnifying Party") is obligated to provide
indemnification pursuant to Section 12.1 or 12.2 above, the Indemnified Party
shall promptly give the Indemnifying Party written notice of such claim for
Indemnification (an "Indemnity Claim"). Any claim for indemnification under this
Article XII must be brought prior to the expiration of the survival period for
the representation and warranty as set forth in Article VI. The delivery of such
notice of Indemnity Claim ("Claim Notice") shall be a condition precedent to any
liability of the Indemnifying Party for indemnification hereunder. The
Indemnifying Party shall have twenty (20) days from the receipt of a Claim
Notice (the "Notice Period") to notify the Indemnified Party of whether or not
the Indemnifying Party disputes its liability to the Indemnified Party with
respect to such Indemnity Claim.
12.4 RESOLUTION OF CLAIMS
(a) With respect to any Indemnity Claim involving a Third-Party Claim,
following prompt notification of the Indemnifying Party, the Indemnifying Party
shall have the option of proceeding with the defense of the Third Party Claim
provided (i) the Indemnifying Party has either not disputed its liability for
the Indemnity Claim pursuant to Section 12.4(c) or the liability of the
Indemnifying Party for the Indemnity Claim has been determined pursuant to
Section 12.4(b), (ii) the Indemnifying Party has appointed counsel acceptable to
the Indemnified Party (whose approval shall not be unreasonably withheld) and
(iii) the Indemnifying Party shall have assumed and agreed to bear all
reasonable costs related to the Indemnity Claim and reimbursed the Indemnified
Party for reasonable costs incurred, if any, by the Indemnifying Party prior to
assuming the defense. During such defense proceedings, the Indemnifying Party
shall keep the Indemnified Party informed of all material developments and
events relating to the proceedings. The Indemnified Party shall have a right to
be present at the negotiation, defense and settlement of such Third-Party Claim.
The Indemnifying Party shall not agree to any settlement of the Third-Party
Claim without the consent of the Indemnified Party, which consent shall not be
(b) With respect to any Indemnity Claim not involving a Third-Party Claim,
if the Indemnifying Party disputes its liability within the Notice Period, the
liability of the Indemnifying Party shall be resolved in accordance with Section
(c) In the event that an Indemnified Party makes an Indemnity Claim in
accordance with Section 12.3 and the Indemnifying Party does not dispute its
liability within the Notice Period, the amount of such Indemnity Claim shall be
conclusively deemed a liability of the Indemnifying Party, and any dispute as to
the liability of the Indemnifying Party shall be determined pursuant to Section
All disputes under this Article XII 12 shall be settled by arbitration in
San Francisco, California before a single arbitrator pursuant to the commercial
law rules of the American Arbitration Association. Arbitration may be commenced
at any time by any party hereto giving written notice to each other party to a
dispute that such dispute has been referred to arbitration under this Section
12.5. The arbitrator shall be selected by the joint agreement of the
Indemnifying Party and Indemnified Party, but if they do not so agree within 20
days after the date of the notice referred to above, the selection shall be made
pursuant to the rules from the panels of arbitrators maintained by such
Association. Any award rendered by the arbitrator shall be conclusive and
binding upon the parties hereto; provided, however, that any such award shall be
accompanied by a written opinion of the arbitrator giving the reasons for the
award. This provision for arbitration shall be specifically enforceable by the
parties, and the decision of the arbitrator in accordance herewith shall be
final and binding without right of appeal. Each party shall pay its own
expenses of arbitration, and the expenses of the arbitrator shall be equally
shared; provided, however, that if in the opinion of the arbitrator any claim
for indemnification or any defense or objection thereto was unreasonable, the
arbitrator may assess, as part of his award, all or any part of the arbitration
expenses of the other party (including reasonable attorneys' fees) and of the
arbitrator against the party raising such unreasonable claim, defense or
objection. To the extent that arbitration may not be legally permitted
hereunder and the parties to any dispute hereunder may not at the time of such
dispute mutually agree to submit such dispute to arbitration, any party may
commence a civil action in a court of appropriate jurisdiction to solve disputes
hereunder. Nothing contained in this Section 12.5 shall prevent the parties
from settling any dispute by mutual agreement at any time.
12.6 INDEMNIFICATION THRESHOLD
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, in no event shall any
Indemnifying Party be liable to any Indemnified Party under any warranty,
representation, indemnity or covenant made in this Agreement until the aggregate
amount of liability of all claims thereunder against the Indemnifying Party
exceeds ten thousand dollars ($10,000) (the "Threshold"), at which point such
party shall be liable for the full amount of liability for such claims below and
above the threshold.
RESTRICTIONS ON XOOM COMMON SHARES
The XOOM Stock issued to Shareholder pursuant to the Merger shall be
subject to the following restrictions:
13.1 RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL/TRANSFER RESTRICTIONS.
(a) Restrictions on Transfer. Shareholder may not sell or engage in any
transaction that will result in a change in the beneficial or record ownership
of any XOOM Stock issued to or held by Shareholder, including without limitation
a voluntary or involuntary sale, assignment, transfer, pledge, hypothecation,
encumbrance, disposal, loan, gift, attachment or levy (a "Transfer"), except as
provided in this Article XIII, and any such Transfer of XOOM Stock or attempted
Transfer of XOOM Stock in contravention of this Agreement shall be void and
ineffective for any purpose and shall not confer on any transferee or purported
transferee any rights whatsoever.
(b) Right of First Refusal.
(i) If, prior to an initial public offering of XOOM's securities or a
merger or sale of XOOM, Shareholder proposes (or is required by operation
of law or other involuntary transfer) to Transfer any or all of the XOOM
Stock standing in Shareholder's name or owned by him, Shareholder shall
first offer such XOOM Stock to the Company in accordance with the following
(A) Shareholder shall deliver a written notice (a "Notice") to
XOOM stating (1) Shareholder's bona fide intention to Transfer such
XOOM Stock, (2) the name and address of the proposed transferee, (3)
the number of shares of XOOM Stock to be transferred, and (4) the
purchase price per share and terms of payment for which Shareholder
proposes to Transfer such XOOM Stock.
(B) Within 60 days after receipt of the Notice, XOOM or its
designee shall have the first right to purchase or obtain such shares,
upon the price and terms of payment designated in the Notice. If the
Notice provides for the payment of non-cash consideration, XOOM at its
option may pay the consideration in cash equal to XOOM's good faith
estimate of the present fair market value of the non-cash
(C) If XOOM or its designee elects not to purchase or obtain all
of the XOOM Stock designated in the Shareholder's Notice, then
Shareholder may Transfer the shares referred to in the Notice to the
proposed transferee, providing such Transfer (1) is completed within
30 days after the expiration of XOOM's right to purchase or obtain
such shares, (2) is made at the price and terms designated in the
Notice, and (3) the proposed transferee agrees to be bound by the
terms and provisions of this Article XIII and to become a party to an
agreement containing such provisions immediately upon receipt of such
shares. If such shares are not so transferred, the Shareholder must
give notice in accordance with this paragraph prior to any other or
subsequent Transfer of such shares.
(ii) Notwithstanding Section 13.1(a), Shareholder may Transfer Xoom
Stock: (A) to Shareholder's spouse, child, grandchild, parent, brother, or
sister ("Immediate Family"), or to a trust established for the benefit of a
member or members of Shareholder's Immediate Family, (B) to an Affiliate
(as hereinafter defined) or equity holder of the Shareholder, (C) to a
person who is a constituent partner of Shareholder on the date hereof, or
(D) to the estate of any of the foregoing by gift, will or intestate
succession; provided that Shareholder or his representative notifies XOOM
of such Transfer not less than 10 nor more than 90 days prior to the
Transfer and that the proposed transferee agrees to be bound by the terms
and provisions of this Agreement and to become a party to this Agreement
immediately upon the receipt of such shares. "Affiliate" means, with
respect to any person or entity, any person or entity which controls, is
controlled by, or is under common control with, such person or entity, or
any stockholder or other equity owner in a control relationship with any of
the foregoing. For this purpose the term "control" shall mean the direct
or indirect beneficial ownership of at
least fifty percent (50%) of the voting stock or interest in the income of
such person or entity, or such other relationship as, in fact, constitutes
(c) No Transfer to Competitors. Shareholder may not Transfer any XOOM Stock
to a competitor of the Company, or to any stockholder, partner or other
beneficial holder of an equity ownership interest in a competitor, other than
pursuant to a merger, combination, or other transaction approved by the Board of
Directors of the Company.
(d) Legends on Stock Certificates. Each certificate representing shares
owned of record or beneficially by a party to this Agreement shall be endorsed
with the following legends:
THE SHARES EVIDENCED BY THIS CERTIFICATE ARE SUBJECT TO AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN
XOOM, INC. (THE "COMPANY") AND THE HOLDER, PROVIDING FOR, AMONG OTHER
MATTERS, THE COMPANY'S RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL TO PURCHASE THE SECURITIES
REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE. A COPY OF SUCH AGREEMENT IS ON FILE AT THE
PRINCIPAL BUSINESS OFFICE OF THE COMPANY.
THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE "ACT"), AND MAY NOT BE SOLD,
TRANSFERRED, ASSIGNED OR HYPOTHECATED UNLESS THERE IS AN EFFECTIVE
REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE ACT COVERING SUCH SECURITIES, THE SALE IS
MADE IN ACCORDANCE WITH RULE 144 OR ITS SUCCESSOR RULE UNDER THE ACT, OR THE
COMPANY RECEIVES AN OPINION OF COUNSEL SATISFACTORY TO THE COMPANY THAT
EXEMPTIONS FROM SUCH REGISTRATION AND FROM THE PROVISIONS OF ANY APPLICABLE
STATE "BLUE SKY" LAWS ARE AVAILABLE.
Under no circumstances shall any Transfer of any XOOM Stock subject hereto
be valid until the proposed transferee thereof shall have executed and become a
party to the agreement described in Section 13.1(b)(i)(C) and thereby shall have
become subject to all of the provisions of this Article XIII; and
notwithstanding any other provisions of this Agreement, no such Transfer of any
kind shall in any event result in the non-applicability of the provisions hereof
at any time to any of the XOOM Stock subject hereto. Shareholder understands
and acknowledges that the Company need not register a transfer of XOOM Stock,
and may instruct its transfer agent not to register a transfer of XOOM Stock,
unless the conditions specified in the foregoing last legend are satisfied.
(e) Acknowledgments. Shareholder acknowledges that other stockholders of
the Company may have restrictions on their stockholdings different from the
terms contained herein.
13.2 LOCK-UP AGREEMENT.
Shareholder, if requested by an underwriter of XOOM Stock or other
securities of XOOM, shall not sell or otherwise transfer or dispose of any
Shares held by Shareholder during the 180-day period following the effective
date of a registration statement of XOOM filed under the Act or such shorter
period of time as the underwriter shall require, provided that all officers and
directors of XOOM who hold common stock (or other securities) of XOOM enter into
similar agreements. If requested by the underwriter, Shareholder will reaffirm
the agreement set forth in this Section 13.2 in a separate writing in a form
satisfactory to such underwriter. XOOM may impose stop-transfer instructions
with respect to such XOOM Stock subject to the foregoing restriction until the
end of said period.
The Company, GBT and Shareholder shall each bear their own expenses
incurred in connection with the negotiation and consummation of the transactions
contemplated by this Agreement; provided, however, that all expenses of GBT
relating to the Merger shall either have been paid prior to the Closing or shall
have been assumed by Shareholder.
XOOM and the Company may set off any amount that may be owed to them by GBT
or Shareholder under this Agreement against any amount otherwise payable to
Shareholder by XOOM, but any such setoff shall in no manner limit Shareholder's
liability, if any, to XOOM or the Company.
14.3 ENTIRE AGREEMENT.
This Agreement contains the entire agreement of the parties hereto, and
supersedes any prior written or oral agreements between them concerning the
subject matter contained herein. There are no representations, agreements,
arrangements or understandings, oral or written, between the parties to this
Agreement, relating to the subject matter contained herein, which are not fully
expressed herein. The schedules and each exhibit attached to this Agreement or
delivered pursuant to this Agreement are incorporated herein by this reference
and constitute a part of this Agreement.
14.4 PRESS RELEASES AND PUBLIC ANNOUNCEMENTS.
Prior to the Closing Date, none of XOOM, the Company, Shareholder or GBT
shall issue any press release or make any public announcement concerning the
matters set forth in this Agreement (other than as required by applicable
disclosure rules or regulations) without the consent of the other parties.
XOOM, the Company and GBT will cooperate to jointly prepare and issue any press
release that may be issued to announce the closing of the transactions
contemplated by this Agreement.
This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which
shall be deemed an original but all of which shall constitute one and the same
14.6 DESCRIPTIVE HEADINGS.
The article and section headings in this Agreement are for convenience only
and shall not affect the meaning or construction of any provision of this
Any notices required or permitted to be given under this Agreement shall be
in writing and shall be deemed sufficiently given on the date delivered
personally, on the following business day if transmitted via facsimile with
call-back confirmation or five (5) days after posting by registered or certified
mail, postage prepaid, addressed as follows:
If to the Company or XOOM: XOOM, Inc.
433 California Street, Suite 910
San Francisco, CA 94104
Attention: Laurent Massa, President
Fax: (415) 445-2526
With a copy to: Morrison & Foerster LLP
425 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94105
Attention: Bruce Mann, Esq.
Fax: (415) 268-7522
And if to Shareholder, to the address of Shareholder set forth on the
signature page of this Agreement, or to such other address or addresses as a
party shall have previously designated by notice to the sender given in
accordance with this section.
14.8 CHOICE OF LAW
This Agreement shall be construed in accordance with and governed by the
laws of the State of California without regard to conflicts of law principles.
14.9 BINDING EFFECT; BENEFITS
This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the
parties and their respective successors and permitted assigns. Nothing in this
Agreement, express or implied, is intended to confer on any person other than
the parties or their respective successors and permitted assigns any rights,
remedies, obligations or liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement.
Neither this Agreement nor any of the parties' rights hereunder shall be
assignable by any party without the prior written consent of the other parties
and any attempted assignment without such consent shall be void.
14.11 WAIVER AND AMENDMENT
Any term or provision of this Agreement may be waived at any time by the
party that is entitled to the benefits thereof. The waiver by any party of a
breach of any provision of this Agreement shall not operate or be construed as a
waiver of any subsequent breach. The parties may, by mutual agreement in
writing, amend this Agreement in any respect.
14.12 ATTORNEYS' FEES.
In the event of any action or proceeding to enforce the terms and
conditions of this Agreement, the prevailing party shall be entitled to an award
of reasonable attorneys' and experts' fees and costs, in addition to such other
relief as may be granted.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Agreement has been executed by the parties hereto
as of the day and year first above written.
XOOM GBT Merger Corp.
By: /s/ LAURENT MASSA
Name: Laurent Massa
By: /s/ LAURENT MASSA
Name: Laurent Massa
Global Bridges Technologies, Inc.
By: /s/ ROBERT KOHLER
Robert Kohler, President
/s/ ROBERT KOHLER
Address: 655 Redwood Highway
Mill Valley, CA 94941
$62,500 June 11, 1998
San Francisco, California
FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the undersigned XOOM, Inc. ("Debtor") promises to pay
to the order of Robert Kohler at 655 Redwood Highway, Suite 301, Mill Valley,
California or such other place as the holder hereof may designate in writing,
the principal sum of Sixty-two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars, ($62,500), in
twenty-five successive, monthly installments of Two Thousand Five Hundred
Dollars ($2,500) each, beginning on July 5, 1998 and continuing on the same day
of each succeeding calendar month through and including July` 5, 2000, at which
time all amounts hereunder shall be due and payable. Principal outstanding
hereunder shall bear simple interest, in arrears, at the annual rate of five
This Note is being delivered pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger
between Debtor, Robert Kohler, and others of even date herewith.
At the option of Debtor, all or any portion of any unpaid sum hereunder may
be prepaid without premium or penalty at any time or from time to time after the
Upon a default by Debtor in making any payment of an installment when due
hereunder, and the continuation thereof for (10) days after written notice by
the holder hereof, all of the unpaid indebtedness evidenced by this Note shall
become immediately due and payable at the option of the holder, and the holder
may proceed to exercise any rights or remedies that it may have hereunder or
under applicable law.
Debtor agrees that if any legal action is necessary to enforce or collect
this Note, the prevailing party shall be entitled to reasonable attorneys' fees
in addition to any other relief to which that party may be entitled.
Debtor hereby waives demand, notice, and protest hereunder.
This Note shall be interpreted and enforced in all respects in accordance
with the internal laws of the State of California.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned has caused this Note to be executed by
its officers duly authorized to do so.
EXHIBIT B TO EXHIBIT 10.11
This Consulting Agreement (the "Agreement") is entered into as of this 11th
day of June, 1998, by and between XOOM, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the
"Company"), and Robert Kohler ("Consultant").
A. The Company desires to obtain the services of Consultant, on its own
behalf and on behalf of all existing and future Affiliated Companies (defined as
any corporation or other business entity or entities that directly or indirectly
controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the Company), upon
the terms and conditions set forth below.
B. The Company has spent significant time, effort and money to develop or
otherwise acquire certain Proprietary Information (as defined below), which the
Company considers vital to its business and goodwill.
C. The Proprietary Information will necessarily be communicated to or
acquired by Consultant in the course of providing consulting services to the
Company, and the Company desires to obtain the services of Consultant, only if,
in doing so, it can protect its Proprietary Information and goodwill.
Accordingly, the parties agree as follows:
1. Consulting Period.
The Company hereby retains the Consultant and Consultant agrees to
render to the Company those services described in Section 2 of this Agreement
for the period (the "Consulting Period") commencing on the date of this
Agreement and ending upon the end of the twelfth full month after the date
hereof (the "Term Date").
2. Duties; Responsibilities; Authority.
(a) The Consultant hereby accepts engagement with the Company to assist
in the integration of the operations of the Company with Global Bridges
Technologies, Inc., as more fully described on Exhibit A attached hereto, or
such other services as shall be agreed in good faith between Consultant and the
President of the Company so as to utilize Consultant's capabilities.
(b) Consultant shall have no authority to enter into contracts which
bind the Company or create obligations on the part of the Company without the
express prior authorization of the Company. Consultant shall have no authority
to hire other persons, either as consultants, independent contractors or
employees, without the express prior written authorization of the Company's
3. Compensation; Benefits; Expenses.
(a) Compensation. In consideration of the services to be rendered
hereunder, including, without limitation, services to any Affiliated Company,
Consultant shall be entitled to the following compensation:
(i) A professional fee of $3,000 per month, payable no later than
the __ day of each month following the month in which Consultant provides such
services. There shall be no withholdings from this payment, and Consultant shall
be solely responsible for all social security, tax, disability and other state
and federal assessments.
(ii) 51,912 shares of the Company's common stock "Incentive
Shares" pursuant to a Restricted Stock Purchase Agreement to be executed by
Consultant and the Company providing for cliff vesting of all of Incentive
Shares if Consultant closes transactions that generate , in the aggregate, in
excess of one million (1,000,000) new Members for the Company, provided,
however, that at least 500,000 new Members shall have subscribed to the
Company's services no later than December 31, 1998, and (ii) (A) the Company has
completed an initial public offering ("IPO") of its securities (B) the Company
has entered into and closed an agreement for the sale, lease or other
disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company (C) there
is a sale by shareholders of the Company, in a single transaction or a series of
related transactions, of more than fifty percent (50%) of the outstanding voting
stock of the Company or (D) the Company effects a merger with or into another
entity where it is not the survivor (other than a merger solely for the purpose
of changing the state of incorporation or effecting a recapitalization of the
Company), or a consolidation or other reorganization, and shareholders of the
Company prior to such event own less than 50% of the outstanding voting
securities of the survivor. If Consultant closes transactions bringing in
500,000 new Members no later than December 31, 1998, Consultant shall be
entitled to Incentive Shares for every increment of 100,000 new Members from
transactions closed by Consultant up to and including 1,000,000.
(iii) For purposes of Section 3(a)(ii), a "Member" is a person who
has subscribed to the Company's website by selecting a subscriber name,
providing an active e-mail address and a zip code or country and given
permission for the Company to include such person in its e-mail distributions,
and Consultant shall be deemed to have "closed" a transaction bringing in new
Members if (A) the transaction identified by Consultant is closed and (B)
Consultant has made himself reasonably available to assist the Company, if so
requested, to close such transaction.
(iv) The number of shares issuable to Consultant pursuant to
Section 3(a)(ii) shall be subject to adjustment pursuant to the formula set
forth in Section 2.4 of that Agreement and Plan of Merger of even date herewith
between Consultant, the Company and others.
(b) Benefits. Other than the compensation specified in the above
Section 3(a), Consultant shall not be entitled to any direct or indirect
compensation or fringe benefits for
services performed hereunder, nor shall Consultant be eligible to participate in
any employee benefit plans provided by the Company or any Affiliated Company to
(c) Expenses. The Company shall reimburse Consultant for reasonable
travel and other business expenses (i) incurred by Consultant in the performance
of duties hereunder, and (ii) approved by the Company in writing in advance. The
Consultant shall bill the Company for expenses as incurred incident to services
performed, referencing all travel and expenses incurred with appropriate
purchase orders and receipts. Such reimbursement shall be within 30 days of
Consultant's submitting adequate documentation.
4. Termination of Consulting Relationship.
(a) By Death. The Consulting Period shall terminate automatically upon
the death of Consultant, and the Company shall pay to Consultant's beneficiaries
or estate, as appropriate, the compensation to which Consultant is entitled
pursuant to Section 3(a). Thereafter, the Company's obligations hereunder shall
(b) By Disability. If, in the reasonable opinion of the President of
the Company, Consultant shall be prevented from properly performing hereunder by
reason of any physical or mental incapacity for a period of more than thirty
(30) days in the aggregate or twenty (20) consecutive days in any three-month
period, then, to the extent permitted by law, the Consulting Period shall
terminate and the compensation to which Consultant is entitled pursuant to
Section 3(a) shall be paid up through the day on which the Consulting Period is
terminated, and thereafter the Company's obligations hereunder shall terminate.
(c) By Company For Cause. The Company may terminate, without liability,
the Consulting Period for Cause (as defined below) at any time and without
notice and the Company shall have no further obligation to Consultant hereunder,
provided the Company pays Consultant the compensation described in Section 3(a)
for any periods prior to such termination. Compensation for any partial month in
which Consultant provides services prior to such termination shall be calculated
pro rata to the number of days in such month. Termination shall be for Cause if
due to: (1) any act of fraud, dishonesty, or gross negligence (including any
failure to act) made, engaged in, or conducted by Consultant in the course of
providing the services contemplated under this Agreement; (2) willful and wanton
misrepresentation to the Company which is materially injurious to the Company;
or (3) willful failure without reasonable justification to comply with a
material, reasonable and lawful instruction by the Company
(d) At Will. At any time, either the Company or Consultant may
terminate, without liability, the Consulting Period for any reason, with or
without cause, by giving thirty (30) days' advance written notice to the other
party. If Consultant terminates his consulting relationship with the Company
pursuant to this Section 4(d), the Company shall have the option, in its
complete discretion, to terminate Consultant immediately without the running of
the notice period. Following a termination by Consultant, the Company shall pay
Consultant the compensation to which he is entitled pursuant to Section 3(a) for
services rendered through the date of termination, and thereafter all
obligations of the Company shall terminate. Consultant hereby agrees that the
Company may dismiss him or her under this Section 4(d) without regard (i) to any
general or specific policies (whether written or oral) of the Company relating
the employment, retention or termination of its employees or consultants, or
(ii) to any oral statements made to Consultant pertaining to Consultant's
relationship with the Company; provided, however, that if the Company terminates
Consultant without cause prior to the Term Date (except if Consultant has first
notified the Company of his intention to terminate), the Company shall continue
paying Consultant his monthly compensation through the Term Date and the
Incentive Shares shall vest and be issued to Consultant regardless of the number
of new Members.
(e) By Consultant upon Company's Default. Where Company breaches any
payment obligation to Consultant under this Agreement and fails to cure the same
within fifteen (15) days after receiving written notice from Consultant,
Consultant may terminate this Agreement without liability or further obligation
to Company, and all compensation payable under Section 3(a) above shall
immediately become due and payable to Consultant.
5. Termination Obligations.
(a) Consultant hereby acknowledges and agrees that all personal
property, including, without limitation, all books, manuals, records, reports,
notes, contracts, lists, blueprints, and other documents, or materials, or
copies thereof, Proprietary Information (as defined below), and equipment
furnished to or prepared by Consultant in the course of or directly related to
rendering of services to the Company, including, without limitation, records and
any other materials pertaining to Invention Ideas (as defined below), belong to
the Company and shall be promptly returned to the Company upon termination of
the Consulting Period. Following termination, the Consultant will not retain any
written or other tangible material containing any Proprietary Information.
(b) The representations and warranties contained herein and Consultant's
obligations under Sections 5, 6, and 7 shall survive termination of the
Consulting Period and the expiration of this Agreement and continue thereafter
for a period of two (2) years, provided that the expiration of such period shall
in no way diminish the rights of the Company under the California Uniform Trade
6. Proprietary Information.
(a) Defined. "Proprietary Information" is all information and any idea
in whatever form, tangible or intangible, pertaining in any manner to the
business of the Company or any Affiliated Company, or to its clients,
consultants, or business associates, unless: (i) the information is or becomes
publicly known through lawful means; (ii) the information was rightfully in
Consultant's possession or part of Consultant's general knowledge prior to the
Consulting Period; (iii) the information is disclosed to Consultant without
confidential or proprietary restrictions by a third party who rightfully
possesses the information (without confidential or proprietary restriction) and
did not learn of it, directly or indirectly, from the Company; or (iv) the
information is independently developed by Consultant without use of information
obtained by Consultant from the Company. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Company
recognizes that Consultant has a significant body of knowledge, contacts and
information which it has acquired prior to the Consulting Period, and that
Consultant will continue to acquire the same during and after the Consulting
Period. Such information shall not
be deemed Proprietary Information except to the extent that it pertains directly
to the business of the Company or any Affiliated Company, or its clients,
consultants, or business associates.
(b) General Restrictions on Use. Consultant agrees to hold all
Proprietary Information in strict confidence and trust for the sole benefit of
the Company and not to, directly or indirectly, disclose, use, copy, publish,
summarize, or remove from the Company's premises any Proprietary Information (or
remove from the premises any other property of the Company), except (i) during
the Consulting Period to the extent necessary to carry out Consultant's
responsibilities under this Agreement, and (ii) after termination of the
Consulting Period as specifically authorized in writing by the Company's Board
(c) Interference with Business; Competitive Activities. Consultant
acknowledges that the pursuit of the activities forbidden by this Section 6(c)
would necessarily involve the use or disclosure of Proprietary Information in
breach of Section 6(b), but that proof of such breach would be extremely
difficult. To forestall such disclosure, use, and breach, and in consideration
of retaining Consultant under this Agreement, Consultant agrees that during the
Consulting Period and for a period of one (1) year after termination of the
Consulting Period, Consultant shall not, for himself or any third party,
directly or indirectly (i) divert or attempt to divert from the Company (or any
Affiliated Company) any business of any kind in which it is engaged, including,
without limitation, the solicitation of or interference with any of its
suppliers or customers; or (ii) employ, solicit for employment, or recommend for
employment any person employed by the Company, or by any Affiliated Company.
(d) Remedies. Nothing in this Section 6 is intended to limit any remedy
of the Company under the California Uniform Trade Secrets Act (California Civil
Code Section 3426), or otherwise available under law.
7. Consultant's Inventions and Ideas.
(a) Defined. The term "Invention Ideas" means any and all processes,
trademarks, service marks, inventions, technology, computer programs, original
works of authorship, designs, formulas, discoveries, patents, copyrights, and
all improvements, rights, and claims related to the foregoing that are
developed, or reduced to practice by the Consultant alone or with others in the
course of directly providing consulting services to the Company.
(b) Disclosure. Consultant agrees to maintain adequate and current
written records on the development of all Invention Ideas and to disclose
promptly to the Company all Invention Ideas and relevant records, which records
will remain the sole property of the Company.
(c) Assignment. Consultant agrees to assign to the Company, without
further consideration, his entire right, title, and interest (throughout the
United States and in all foreign countries), free and clear of all liens and
encumbrances, in and to each Invention Idea, which shall be the sole property of
the Company, whether or not patentable. In the event any Invention Idea shall be
deemed by the Company to be patentable or otherwise registrable, Consultant
shall assist the Company (at the Company's expense) in obtaining letters patent
or other applicable registrations thereon and shall execute all documents and do
all other things (including testifying
at the Company's expense) necessary or proper to obtain letters patent or other
applicable registrations thereon and to vest the Company, or any Affiliated
Company specified by the Company, with full title thereto. Should the Company be
unable to secure Consultant's signature on any document necessary to apply for,
prosecute, obtain, or enforce any patent, copyright, or other right or
protection relating to any Invention Idea, whether due to Consultant's mental or
physical incapacity or any other cause, Consultant hereby irrevocably designates
and appoints Company and each of its duly authorized officers and agents as
Consultant's agent and attorney in fact, to act for and in Consultant's behalf
and stead and to execute and file any such document, and to do all other
lawfully permitted acts to further the prosecution, issuance, and enforcement of
patents, copyrights, or other rights or protections with the same force and
effect as if executed and delivered by Consultant.
(d) Exclusions. Consultant acknowledges that there are no ideas,
processes, trademarks, service marks, technology, computer programs, original
works of authorship, designs, formulas, inventions, discoveries, patents,
copyrights, or improvements to the foregoing that he desires to exclude from the
operation of this Agreement. To the best of Consultant's knowledge, there is no
existing contract in conflict with this Agreement or any other contract to
assign ideas, processes, trademarks, service marks, inventions, technology,
computer programs, original works of authorship, designs, formulas, discoveries,
patents, or copyrights that is now in existence between Consultant and any other
person or entity. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Company recognizes that
Consultant has a significant body of knowledge, contacts and information which
it has acquired prior to the Consulting Period, and that Consultant will
continue to acquire the same during and after the Consulting Period. Such
information shall not be deemed an Invention Idea.
(e) Post-Termination Period. Because of the difficulty of establishing
when any process, invention, etc., is first conceived or developed by
Consultant, or whether it results from access to Proprietary Information or the
Company's equipment, facilities, and data, Consultant agrees that any process,
trademark, service mark, technology, computer program, original work of
authorship, design, formula, invention, discovery, patent, copyright, or any
improvement, rights, or claims that are directly related to the Company's
operations and prospects, and to the extent such knowledge and information is
Proprietary Information, shall be presumed to be an Invention Idea if it is
conceived, developed, used, sold, exploited, or reduced to practice by
Consultant or with the aid of Consultant within six (6) months after termination
of the Consulting Period. Consultant can rebut the above presumption if he
proves that the invention, idea, process, etc., (i) was first conceived or
developed after termination of the Consulting Period, (ii) was conceived or
developed entirely on Consultant's own time without using the Company's
equipment, supplies, facilities, or Proprietary Information, and (iii) did not
result from any work performed by Consultant for the Company.
8. Independent Contractor Relationship.
(a) Nature of Relationship. In performing services to the Company
pursuant to this Agreement, Consultant's relationship with the Company will be
that of an independent contractor and nothing in this Agreement should be
construed to create a partnership, joint venture, or employer-employee
relationship. Consultant acknowledges and agrees that neither Consultant nor any
person associated with Consultant shall be entitled to receive or otherwise
participate in any employee benefits of any nature which the Company provides or
makes available to any of its employees.
(b) Taxes and Records. Consultant agrees that it will be solely
responsible for, and will file and pay on a timely basis, all withholding
required by federal, state or local law with respect to Consultant's performance
of the services.
9. No Conflict of Interest.
Consultant agrees during the term of this Agreement not to accept work
or enter into a contract or accept an obligation, inconsistent or incompatible
with Consultant's obligations under this Agreement or the scope of services
rendered for Company. The Company expressly agrees that during the Consulting
Period Consultant may continue to maintain his law practice and participate in
other non-competing business ventures. Consultant warrants that to the best of
Consultant's knowledge, there is no other contract or duty now in existence
inconsistent with this Agreement. Consultant further agrees not to disclose to
the Company, or bring onto the Company's premises, or induce the Company to use
any confidential information that belongs to anyone other than the Company or
Consultant. Consultant agrees to indemnify the Company from any and all loss or
liability incurred by reason of a breach alleged by a third party of
Consultant's obligations under any confidentiality or services agreement with
such third party. Consultant's liability under this Section 9 shall not exceed
the total consideration payable to Consultant hereunder.
10. Assignment; Successors and Assigns.
Consultant shall not assign, sell, transfer, delegate or otherwise
dispose of, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, or by operation of law, any
rights or obligations under this Agreement. Any purported assignment, transfer,
or delegation shall be null and void. Nothing in this Agreement shall prevent
the consolidation of the Company with, or its merger into, any other
corporation, or the sale by the Company of all or substantially all of its
properties or assets, or the assignment by the Company of this Agreement and the
performance of its obligations hereunder to any successor in interest or any
Affiliated Company. Subject to the foregoing, this Agreement shall be binding
upon and shall inure to the benefit of the parties and their respective heirs,
legal representatives, successors, and permitted assigns, and shall not benefit
any person or entity other than those enumerated above.
All notices or other communications required or permitted hereunder
shall be made in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given if
delivered by hand or mailed, postage prepaid, by certified or registered mail,
return receipt requested, and addressed to the Company at:
433 California Street
San Francisco, CA 94104
Attention: Laurent Massa, President
Fax (415) 445-2526
and to the Consultant at:
655 Redwood Highway
Mill Valley, CA 94941
Fax (415) 383-6700
Notice of change of address shall be effective only when done in accordance with
12. Entire Agreement.
The terms of this Agreement are intended by the parties to be the full
and final expression of their agreement with respect to the retention of
Consultant by the Company and may not be contradicted by evidence of any prior
or contemporaneous agreement. The parties further intend that this Agreement
shall constitute the complete and exclusive statement of its terms and that no
extrinsic evidence whatsoever may be introduced in any judicial, administrative,
or other legal proceeding involving this Agreement. This Agreement fully
supersedes any prior oral or written consulting or other agreements between the
Consultant and the Company.
This Agreement may not be modified or amended, except by an instrument
in writing, signed by the Consultant and by a duly authorized representative of
14. Severability; Enforcement.
If any provision of this Agreement shall be held to be invalid,
unenforceable, or void, the remainder of this Agreement shall remain in full
force and effect. It is the intention of the parties that the covenants
contained in Section 6 and 7 shall be enforced to the greatest extent (but to no
greater extent) in time, area, and degree of participation as is permitted by
the law of that jurisdiction whose law is found to be applicable to any acts
allegedly in breach of these covenants.
15. Governing Law.
This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with
the laws of the State of California, without regard to conflicts of law
16. Consultant Acknowledgment.
Consultant acknowledges (i) that he has consulted with or has had the
opportunity to consult with independent counsel of his own choice concerning
this Agreement and has been advised to do so by the Company, and (ii) that he
has read and understands the Agreement, is fully aware of its legal effect, and
has entered into it freely based on his own judgment and not in
reliance upon any representation or promises made by the Company other than
those contained in writing herein.
(a) Injunctive Relief. The parties agree that in the event of any
breach or threatened breach of any of the covenants in Sections 6 or 7, the
damage or imminent damage to the value and the goodwill of the Company's
business will be irreparable and extremely difficult to estimate, making any
remedy at law or in damages inadequate. Accordingly, the parties agree that the
Company shall be entitled to injunctive relief without bond against Consultant
in the event of any breach or threatened breach of any such provisions by
Consultant, in addition to any other relief (including damages) available to the
Company under this Agreement or under law.
(b) Enforcement. In the event of any legal action required to enforce
or defend this Agreement, the prevailing party shall be entitled to an award of
attorneys' fees and legal costs, in addition to other relief.
The parties have duly executed this Agreement as of the date first written
XOOM, INC. CONSULTANT
By:/s/ LAURENT MASSA /s/ ROBERT KOHLER
Laurent Massa, President Robert Kohler
Detailed Description of Duties
1. devote efforts to identifying and closing transactions that will increase
the Company's subscriber base and seek to develop other aspects of the
business of the Company.
2. work a minimum of one (1) full business day a week from the Company's San
Francisco office except in instances where Consultant is performing duties
on behalf of the Company that require him to be offsite (the number of days
worked by Consultant at the Company's offices is subject to increase as may
be mutually agreed between Consultant and the Company.
3. be reasonably available for meetings and travel on behalf of the Company at
times that are reasonably convenient for Consultant and the Company.
4. continue to utilize Consultant's diverse network of contacts and personal
and business relationships to attract unique opportunities to the Company.