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Civil Litigation

This is FindLaw's collection of Civil Litigation articles, part of the Litigation and Disputes section of the Corporate Counsel Center.

What Is Civil Litigation?

Civil litigation is the process in which civil matters are resolved in a court of law. Civil matters can be described as situations dealing with relationships between people, such as a marriage, or a contract dispute between corporations. Rather than a case being a person versus the government, as in a criminal matter, civil cases are an individual or business filing suit against another individual or business. 

Civil Litigation Articles

  • Attorney-Client Privilege

    FindLaw's review of Supreme Court precent related to the broad scope of attorney-client privilege and its application even beyond the death of the client.

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  • Summary of the Rules of Evidence

    We can only cover both the federal and California law of evidence in a brief essay like this by a ruthless process of selection and compression. What we will cover can best be thought of as that essential kernel of the law of evidence that the ...

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  • Landlord Required To Pay Tenants For Repairs And Improvements

    FindLaw's analysis of caselaw in Pennsylvania addressing landlord tenant law, specifically the binding effect of oral assurances regarding lease terms as well as landlord obligations to reimburse for repairs made by tenants.

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  • Light Duty Jobs and the ADA

    Employers should seriously consider the ADA implications of light duty jobs before creating (or continuing) such jobs on a regular basis. The ADA requires employers to "accommodate" disabled employees, under some circumstances, by placing them in ...

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  • EEOC Issues Guidelines on Reasonable Accomodation

    EEOC issues guidance on reasonable accommodationThe Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has issued detailed policy guidance on employers' obligation to provide reasonable accommodations under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ...

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  • EEOC Issues Regulations on Releases/Waivers of Age Discrimination Claims

    On June 5, 1998, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") issued regulations that provide guidance on the requirements of the Older Workers' Benefit Protection Act of 1990 ("OWBPA"). The OWBPA established mandatory minimum standards ...

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  • Managed Care Contract Issues

    A silent PPO arises when a contracting entity negotiates discounts with a Provider and then sells access to discounts to other, non-related parties after the Provider renders services to individuals covered by the non-related parties. Insurance ...

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  • It's Only An NDA

    It is only a nondisclosure agreement, a one-pager, what can it hurt? Such is often the observation when confronted with a simple, often one-page, nondisclosure agreement (NDA). Since it is so simple, one need not contact legal counsel to review the ...

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  • Discrimination by Supervisors: Is It Actionable?

    Employers often need to make difficult business and personnel decisions in running their businesses. Accordingly, personnel managers are hired, human resources departments are created and administrators are assigned various tasks pertaining to ...

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  • How Companies Can Reduce the Costs and Risks Associated with Electronic Discovery

    Email is a hybrid form of communication. Email affords employees the opportunity to communicate casually, as they would in a typical conversation, even though a permanent record may be created.

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